Francisca Antón

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In ischemic and in inflamed tissues, pH levels down to 5.4 have been measured, and this local acidosis may contribute to pain and hyperalgesia in disease states. To evaluate the role of acid pH in nociception, we have studied identified primary afferents in a rat skin-saphenous nerve preparation in vitro where the receptive fields can be superfused at the(More)
The respiratory region of the nasal mucosa is innervated by the ethmoidal nerve. Chemical nociceptive stimulation of this area leads to upper airway reflexes that prevent access of noxious substances to the respiratory tract and the lungs. In the present study we examined the localization of the cell bodies of the respective primary afferent fibres within(More)
1. Twenty-six nociceptive neurons in the primary somatosensory cortex (SI) of anesthetized monkeys were responsive to noxious thermal stimulation applied to the face. Thermode temperature increased from a base line of 38 degrees C to temperatures ranging from 44 to 49 degrees C (T1). After a period of 5 s, the temperature increased an additional 1 degree C(More)
The effect of close-by arterial injections of capsaicin on single afferent fibers of the saphenous nerve was studied on 82 units from control rats and on 44 units from rats pretreated with capsaicin (total dose 200 mg/kg applied subcutaneously under anesthesia 3 days before the experiment). In control rats low doses of capsaicin selectively excited(More)
1. Most quantitative examinations of nociception are performed with thermal or mechanical stimuli. Because nociceptive processing mechanisms may depend on the modality of the stimuli, comparable studies on chemonociception are necessary. 2. We examined the activity of chemonociceptive medullary dorsal horn neurons in halothane-anesthetized rats. For(More)
In 12 volunteer subjects, noxious chemical stimulation was performed by applying precisely controlled CO2 pulses to the nasal mucosa. Each subject participated in 2 identical psychophysical sessions including: (1) determination of the pain threshold, (2) determination of stimulus response functions to different durations of CO2 pulses with fixed(More)
The activity of primary somatosensory (SI) cortical nociceptive neurons was recorded while the monkeys performed a psychophysical task in which they detected small increases in skin temperature superimposed on noxious levels of thermal stimulation. The detection latency to these stimuli, expressed as detection speed, was used as a measure of the perceived(More)
A major ascending nociceptive pathway from spinal lamina I to the mesencephalon has previously been reported in the cat, rat and monkey. In the present paper, we have used single and double retrograde labeling techniques to describe this projection system and its collateralization to the thalamus in the rat. Injections of wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish(More)
Carrageenan was subcutaneously injected in the area innervated by the saphenous nerve. Part of the mechano-heat sensitive C-fiber receptors (CHM) located inside or at the border of the inflamed area showed an enhanced responsiveness to heat stimulation (sensitization). Those CMH units exhibited spontaneous activity; their mechanical thresholds (von Frey)(More)
It has previously been shown that noxious and non-noxious peripheral stimuli induce c-fos expression in spinal dorsal horn neurons. In the present study we have examined the expression of c-fos in brainstem neurons following noxious chemical stimulation of the respiratory region of the nasal mucosa. In urethane-anaesthetized rats we injected mustard oil or(More)