Francis X. Diebold

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We propose and evaluate explicit tests of the null hypothesis of no difference in the accuracy of two competing forecasts. In contrast to previously developed tests, a wide variety of accuracy measures can be used (in particular, the loss function need not be quadratic, and need not even be symmetric), and forecast errors can be non-Gaussian, nonzero mean,(More)
Despite powerful advances in yield curve modeling in the last twenty years, comparatively little attention has been paid to the key practical problem of forecasting the yield curve. In this paper we do so. We use neither the no-arbitrage approach, which focuses on accurately fitting the cross section of interest rates at any given time but neglects(More)
We propose methods for evaluating and improving density forecasts. We focus primarily on methods that are applicable regardless of the particular user’s loss function, though we take explicit account of the relationships between density forecasts, action choices, and the corresponding expected loss throughout. We illustrate the methods with a detailed(More)
A rapidly growing literature has documented important improvements in financial return volatility measurement and forecasting via use of realized variation measures constructed from high-frequency returns coupled with simple modeling procedures. Building on recent theoretical results in Barndorff-Nielsen and Shephard (2004a, 2005) for related bi-power(More)
We examine ‘‘realized’’ daily equity return volatilities and correlations obtained from high-frequency intraday transaction prices on individual stocks in the Dow Jones This work was supported by the National Science Foundation. We thank the editor and referee for several suggestions that distinctly improved this paper. Helpful comments were also provided(More)
A new class of fractionally integrated GARCH and EGARCH models for characterizing financial market volatility is discussed. Monte Carlo simulations illustrate the reliability of quasi maximum likelihood estimation methods, standard model selection criteria, and residual-based portmanteau diagnostic tests in this context. New empirical evidence suggests that(More)
We propose using the price range in the estimation of stochastic volatility models. We show theoretically, numerically, and empirically that range-based volatility proxies are not only highly efficient, but also approximately Gaussian and robust to microstructure noise. Hence range-based Gaussian quasi-maximum likelihood estimation produces highly efficient(More)
Using a new dataset consisting of six years of real-time exchange rate quotations, macroeconomic expectations, and macroeconomic realizations (announcements), we characterize the conditional means of U.S. dollar spot exchange rates versus German Mark, British Pound, Japanese Yen, Swiss Franc, and the Euro. In particular, we find that announcement surprises(More)
Using high-frequency data on deutschemark and yen returns against the dollar, we construct model-free estimates of daily exchange rate volatility and correlation that cover an entire decade. Our estimates, termed realized volatilities and correlations, are not only model-free, but also approximately free of measurement error under general conditions, which(More)