Francis W. Hunter

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Hypoxia is a prevalent feature of many tumors contributing to disease progression and treatment resistance, and therefore constitutes an attractive therapeutic target. Several hypoxia-activated prodrugs (HAP) have been developed, including the phase III candidate TH-302 (evofosfamide) and the preclinical agent SN30000, which is an optimized analogue of the(More)
Hypoxic cells pose a problem in anticancer chemotherapy, in which often drugs require oxygen as an electron acceptor to bring about the death of actively cycling cells. Bioreductive anticancer drugs, which are selectively activated in the hypoxic regions of tumours through enzymatic one-electron reduction, are being developed for combination with(More)
Tumour hypoxia has been pursued as a cancer drug target for over 30 years, most notably using bioreductive (hypoxia-activated) prodrugs that target antineoplastic agents to low-oxygen tumour compartments. Despite compelling evidence linking hypoxia with treatment resistance and adverse prognosis, a number of such prodrugs have recently failed to demonstrate(More)
CEN-209 (SN30000) is a second-generation benzotriazine di-N-oxide currently in advanced preclinical development as a hypoxia-activated prodrug (HAP). Herein we describe the DNA repair-, hypoxia- and one-electron reductase-dependence of CEN-209 cytotoxicity. We deployed mutant CHO cell lines to generate DNA repair profiles for CEN-209, and compared the(More)
The nitro-chloromethylbenzindoline prodrug SN29428 has been rationally designed to target tumour hypoxia. SN29428 is metabolised to a DNA minor groove alkylator via oxygen-sensitive reductive activation initiated by unknown one-electron reductases. The present study sought to identify reductases capable of activating SN29428 in tumours. Expression of(More)
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive malignancy with poor clinical outcome and few validated drug targets. Two prevalent features of TNBC, tumor hypoxia and derangement of homologous recombination (HR) repair, are potentially exploitable for therapy. This study investigated whether hypoxia-activated prodrugs (HAP) of DNA-damaging cytotoxins(More)
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive malignancy with poor clinical outcome and few validated drug targets. Two prevalent features of TNBC, tumor hypoxia and derangement of homologous recombination (HR) repair, are potentially exploitable for therapy. This study investigated whether hypoxia-activated prodrugs (HAP) of DNA-damaging cytotoxins(More)
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