Francis T. Thomas

Learn More
To evaluate risk factors for infections associated with indwelling arterial catheters, 186 catheters were randomly allocated for either femoral or radial insertion in 155 critically ill patients. Femoral catheters were easier to insert and it was easier to obtain blood specimens from them. Rates of local infection at the insertion sites and rates of(More)
We have developed a method to isolate insulin-responsive human hepatocytes from an intraoperative liver biopsy to study insulin action and resistance in man. Hepatocytes from obese patients with noninsulin-dependent diabetes were resistant to maximal insulin concentration, and those from obese controls to submaximal insulin concentration in comparison to(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effectiveness of calf-thigh sequential pneumatic compression devices with the effectiveness of plantar venous intermittent pneumatic compression devices in prevention of venous thrombosis after major trauma. SUBJECTS AND METHODS We evaluated 181 consecutive patients after major trauma without lower extremity injuries that(More)
The recent focus on islet transplantation as primary therapy for type 1 diabetes has heightened interest in the reversal of type 1 diabetes in preclinical models using minimal immunosuppression. Here, we demonstrated in a preclinical rhesus model a consistent reversal of all measured glycemic patterns of streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetes. The model(More)
Ethical issues related to the use of computerized protocols to control mechanical ventilation of patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) are identical to the ethical issues surrounding the use of any therapy or intervention. Four ethical principles must be considered: nonmaleficence, beneficence, autonomy, and distributed justice. The major(More)
BACKGROUND Isolated cell transplantation (ICT) of pancreatic islets (PI), nerve tissue, hepatocytes, and other cells is an exciting new concept of transplantation. PI transplantation can be successful in reversing diabetes but, unlike whole pancreas, grafts have a unique and unexplained high failure rate, with over 60% loss by 3 to 6 months. We established(More)
A prospective evaluation for occult pneumothorax was performed in 25 consecutive patients with serious head trauma by combining a limited chest CT examination with the emergency head CT examination. Of 21 pneumothoraces present in 15 patients, 11 (52%) were found only by chest CT and were not identified clinically or by supine chest radiograph. Because of(More)
Infusing the DR-/dim fraction of bone marrow cells (BMC) from an allogeneic kidney donor into rabbit antithymocyte globulin-treated transplant recipients delivers a tolerogenic signal, leading to functional allograft tolerance in rhesus monkeys without additional drug therapy. Our updated results in an expanded series show a median 131-day graft survival of(More)
Posttransplant infusion of specific donor bone marrow cells into ATG-treated recipients promotes long survival of allografts in the absence of immunosuppressive drug therapy. DBMC infusion also inhibits antidonor CTL activation in allograft recipients, a trend analogous to the veto phenomenon. The present studies investigated a hypothesis that veto activity(More)
The efficacy of using the Kinetic Treatment Table (KTT) to prevent or reduce pulmonary complications in severely head-injured patients is unclear. This study is a prospective, randomized trial using the KTT vs. conventional bed care in severely head-injured patients. Outcome measures were hospital length of stay (LOS), mortality, CNS morbidity at hospital(More)