Francis Shahada

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Antimicrobial susceptibility and resistance genes of 135 strains of Salmonella enterica serovar Infantis isolated from poultry in Kagoshima were examined. One strain (0.7%) was resistant to ampicillin (A), 97% to streptomycin (S), 95.6% to sulphamethoxazole (Su), 96.3% to oxytetracycline (T), 11.1% to kanamycin (Km) and 36.3% to ofloxacin (O).(More)
During 2004 and 2006, multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Infantis (Salmonella Infantis) isolates (n = 120) were recovered from broiler cecal samples collected from a meat-processing plant, and the isolates were examined. The study was conducted to detect and characterize extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing(More)
During 2005-2008, a longitudinal study was conducted in southern Japan to detect and characterize multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serovars recovered from cattle diagnostic specimens. Determination of antimicrobial resistance phenotypes and genotypes, identification of Salmonella genomic island 1 (SGI1), detection of virulence genes, plasmid(More)
The efficacy of a gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) preparation in improving general health condition and growth rate was evaluated in suckling Japanese Black beef calves housed together and fed using an automatic milk feeder. The GABA preparation was administered from 4 to 10 d postpartum until weaning. A significant difference in mean body weight was(More)
The World Health Organization recommends that regular efficacy monitoring should be undertaken by all malaria endemic countries that have deployed artemisinin combination therapy (ACT). Although ACT is still efficacious for treatment of uncomplicated malaria, artemisinin resistance has been reported in South East Asia suggesting that surveillance needs to(More)
The aims of the present study were to investigate the efficacy of measuring bovine urinary zearalenone (ZEN) concentrations by using a commercially available ELISA method in cattle kept under different feeding conditions to monitor the natural contamination of feeds at the farm level, and to investigate the effects of supplementation of a mycotoxin(More)
Four pasture-fed Japanese Black cows showed the main clinical symptoms of severe hemoglobinuria at different periods between 2003 and 2007. Hematological analyses at the first consultation revealed severe anemia, and biochemical analyses indicated both severe hemolysis and disruption of hepatic function. Although the first 2 patients died, the(More)
To evaluate the effect of cooled and chlorinated chill water for Campylobacter and coliforms at a middle-size processing plant which was considered to be difficult for eliminate pathogenic bacteria on carcasses, following three conditions were examined; keeping temperature at < 20, < 10 and < 10°C, and chlorine concentration at < 50, < 50 and 50 to 70 ppm(More)
During the 1998 to 2003 period, cecal contents of 4,024 broiler chickens from 252 flocks raised in 63 holdings were examined for Salmonella. The aims were to establish the actual status of the infection, its temporal distribution, prevalent serotype, and common genotype among broiler flocks brought at the slaughterhouse. Collected samples were preenriched(More)
We investigated the genotype diversity and dynamics of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli in six commercial broiler farms during rearing and abattoir processing. In total, 223 C. jejuni and 36 C. coli strains isolated (on farm, transportation crates, carcasses after defeathering, and chicken wing meat at the end of the processing line) were(More)