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An anaerobic obligately syntrophic fatty acid degrading acetogenic bacterium (Strain OM) was isolated on calcium laurate medium from an oleate enrichment. This organism is a short slightly curved Gram-negative rod which can only use protons as electron acceptor. It ferments all linear saturated fatty acids with 4 to 18 carbon atoms in coculture with a(More)
Filifactor alocis, a Gram-positive anaerobic rod, is one of the most abundant bacteria identified in the periodontal pockets of periodontitis patients. There is a gap in our understanding of its pathogenicity and ability to interact with other periodontal pathogens. To evaluate the virulence potential of F. alocis and its ability to interact with(More)
Regulation/activation of the Porphyromonas gingivalis gingipains is poorly understood. A unique 1.3-kb open reading frame downstream of the bcp-recA-vimA transcriptional unit was cloned, insertionally inactivated with the ermF-ermAM antibiotic resistance cassette, and used to create a defective mutant by allelic exchange. In contrast to the wild-type W83(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) mortality and morbidity remains a public health challenge. Because experimental studies support an important role of bradykinin (BK) in the neurological deterioration that follows TBI, a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study of Anatibant (LF16- 0687Ms), a selective and potent antagonist of the BK B(2) receptor, was(More)
The authors have shown previously that the vimA gene, which is part of the bcp-recA-vimA operon, plays an important role in protease activation in Porphyromonas gingivalis. The gingipain RgpB proenzyme is secreted in the vimA-defective mutant P. gingivalis FLL92. An important question that is raised is whether the vimA gene product could directly interact(More)
The Porphyromonas gingivalis recombinant VimA can interact with the gingipains and several other proteins, including a sialidase. Sialylation can be involved in protein maturation; however, its role in virulence regulation in P. gingivalis is unknown. The three sialidase-related proteins in P. gingivalis showed the characteristic sialidase Asp signature(More)
The ability for DNA mismatch repair, after oxidative stress-induced DNA damage, is critical for the persistence of Porphyromonas gingivalis in the inflammatory environment of the periodontal pocket. Our previous report demonstrated that, in contrast to other organisms, the repair of oxidative stress-induced DNA damage involving 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine(More)
The adaptation of Porphyromonas gingivalis to H2O2-induced stress while inducible is modulated by an unknown OxyR-independent mechanism. Previously, we reported that the PG_2212 gene was highly upregulated in P. gingivalis under conditions of prolonged oxidative stress. Because this gene may have regulatory properties, its function in response to H2O2 was(More)
Regulation/activation of the Porphyromonas gingivalis gingipains is poorly understood. A 1.2-kb open reading frame, a putative glycosyltransferase, downstream of vimE, was cloned, insertionally inactivated using the ermF-ermAM antibiotic resistance cassette, and used to create a defective mutant by allelic exchange. In contrast to the wild-type W83 strain,(More)
In several micro-organisms, HtrA, a serine periplasmic protease, is considered an important virulence factor that plays a regulatory role in oxidative and temperature stress. The authors have previously shown that the vimA gene product is an important virulence regulator in Porphyromonas gingivalis. Further, purified recombinant VimA physically interacted(More)