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An anaerobic obligately syntrophic fatty acid degrading acetogenic bacterium (Strain OM) was isolated on calcium laurate medium from an oleate enrichment. This organism is a short slightly curved Gram-negative rod which can only use protons as electron acceptor. It ferments all linear saturated fatty acids with 4 to 18 carbon atoms in coculture with a(More)
Filifactor alocis, a Gram-positive anaerobic rod, is one of the most abundant bacteria identified in the periodontal pockets of periodontitis patients. There is a gap in our understanding of its pathogenicity and ability to interact with other periodontal pathogens. To evaluate the virulence potential of F. alocis and its ability to interact with(More)
The authors have shown previously that the vimA gene, which is part of the bcp-recA-vimA operon, plays an important role in protease activation in Porphyromonas gingivalis. The gingipain RgpB proenzyme is secreted in the vimA-defective mutant P. gingivalis FLL92. An important question that is raised is whether the vimA gene product could directly interact(More)
We have previously shown that the unique vimA (virulence-modulating) gene could modulate proteolytic activity in Porphyromomas gingivalis. Although a reduction in cysteine protease activity was observed in the vimA-defective mutant, P. gingivalis FLL92, compared to that of the wild-type strain, no changes were seen in the expression of the gingipain genes.(More)
Regulation/activation of the Porphyromonas gingivalis gingipains is poorly understood. A unique 1.3-kb open reading frame downstream of the bcp-recA-vimA transcriptional unit was cloned, insertionally inactivated with the ermF-ermAM antibiotic resistance cassette, and used to create a defective mutant by allelic exchange. In contrast to the wild-type W83(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) mortality and morbidity remains a public health challenge. Because experimental studies support an important role of bradykinin (BK) in the neurological deterioration that follows TBI, a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study of Anatibant (LF16- 0687Ms), a selective and potent antagonist of the BK B(2) receptor, was(More)
We have previously shown that gingipain activity in Porphyromonas gingivalis is modulated by the unique vimA and vimE genes. To determine if these genes had a similar phenotypic effect on protease maturation and activation, isogenic mutants defective in those genes were further characterized. Western blot analyses with antigingipain antibodies showed RgpA-,(More)
Regulation/activation of the Porphyromonas gingivalis gingipains is poorly understood. A 1.2-kb open reading frame, a putative glycosyltransferase, downstream of vimE, was cloned, insertionally inactivated using the ermF-ermAM antibiotic resistance cassette, and used to create a defective mutant by allelic exchange. In contrast to the wild-type W83 strain,(More)
In several micro-organisms, HtrA, a serine periplasmic protease, is considered an important virulence factor that plays a regulatory role in oxidative and temperature stress. The authors have previously shown that the vimA gene product is an important virulence regulator in Porphyromonas gingivalis. Further, purified recombinant VimA physically interacted(More)
The Porphyromonas gingivalis recombinant VimA can interact with the gingipains and several other proteins, including a sialidase. Sialylation can be involved in protein maturation; however, its role in virulence regulation in P. gingivalis is unknown. The three sialidase-related proteins in P. gingivalis showed the characteristic sialidase Asp signature(More)