Francis Robicsek

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BACKGROUND The study was intended to investigate the reason why congenitally bicuspid valves (CBAVs), which may function hemodynamically and clinically well, have a high early failure rate. METHODS Observations were made on cryopreserved, then thawed human aortic roots containing CBAVs. Valvular function was studied in the left heart simulator using(More)
BACKGROUND The downward movement of the aortic root during the cardiac cycle may be responsible for producing the circumferential tear observed in aortic dissections. METHODS AND RESULTS Contrast injections were investigated in 40 cardiac patients, and a finite element model of the aortic root, arch, and branches of the arch was built to assess the(More)
The purpose of this paper is to discuss sternal instability a problem occasionally associated with midline sternotomy, including the etiology, predisposing conditions, diagnosis and management. Among the methods of repair, sternal weaving and pectoralis muscle advancement are thought to be especially effective.
There is a need to understand why and where the abdominal aortic aneurysm may rupture. Our goal therefore is to investigate whether the mechanical properties are different in different regions of the aneurysm. Aorta samples from five freshly excised whole aneurysms, > or = 5 cm in diameter, from five patients, average age 71 +/- 10 years, were subjected to(More)
Ischemia/reperfusion leading to myocyte cell death has been reported as either necrotic or apoptotic or a combination of both. The importance of necrosis is well established but the role of apoptosis and the time of initiation are still unknown. Normothermic global ischemia of either 45 or 90 min duration followed by 6 h of reperfusion were induced in(More)
Poland's syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by unilateral chest wall hypoplasia and ipsilateral hand abnormalities. Literary data suggest its sporadic nature. The prevailing theory of its cause is hypoplasia of the subclavian artery or its branches, which may lead to a range of developmental changes. The incidence of Poland's syndrome(More)
To estimate when an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) may rupture, it is necessary to understand the forces responsible for this event. We investigated the wall stresses in an AAA in a clinical model. Using CT scans of the AAA, the diameter and wall thickness were measured and the model of the aneurysm was created. The wall stresses were determined using a(More)
In aortic dissection intimal tear develops in a transverse direction. Since dissection is associated with the aneurysm of the aorta, its mechanism was investigated by analysing the pressure induced wall stress as a function of 'growth' of the aneurysm. The stresses were determined using a finite element analysis where the aorta was modelled as an isotropic,(More)
Two outbreaks of postoperative wound infections due to organisms of the Mycobacterium fortuitum complex (Mycobacterium chelonei and M. fortuitum) occurred among patients who underwent open-heart surgery. In one hospital, 19 of 80 patients who underwent cardiac surgery within a 10-week period developed sternal infection with M. chelonei. In the second(More)
We present the hypothesis that high wall stress and accompanying stretch, particularly that caused by arterial pressure, are the primary factors responsible for the topography of atherosclerotic lesions. In our view the pattern in the localization of atherosclerotic lesions indicates that the artery behaves as both a pressure vessel and a conduit of blood(More)