Francis Pickett

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The origin of organismal complexity is generally thought to be tightly coupled to the evolution of new gene functions arising subsequent to gene duplication. Under the classical model for the evolution of duplicate genes, one member of the duplicated pair usually degenerates within a few million years by accumulating deleterious mutations, while the other(More)
We have screened a large population of M2 seeds ofArabidopsis thaliana for plants which are resistant to exogenously applied indole-acetic acid (IAA). One of the resistant lines identified in this screen carries a dominant mutation which we have namedaxr2. Linkage analysis indicates that theaxr2 gene lies on chromosome 3. Plants carrying theaxr2 mutation(More)
A new auxin response gene in Arabidopsis called AXR3 has been identified. This gene is defined by two semi-dominant mutations which affect many auxin-regulated developmental processes. Auxin has been shown to maintain apical dominance, inhibit root elongation, stimulate adventitious rooting, mediate root gravitropism, and stimulate transcription from the(More)
Many genes are members of large families that have arisen during evolution through gene duplication events. Our increasing understanding of gene organization at the scale of whole genomes is revealing further evidence for the extensive retention of genes that arise during duplication events of various types. Duplication is thought to be an important means(More)
Mutagenized populations of Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings were screened for plants capable of root growth on inhibitory concentrations of the ethylene precursor 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid. Four of the mutant lines recovered from this screen display a defect in root gravitropism as well as hormone resistance. The aerial portions of these plants(More)
The recessive mutations aux1 and axr1 of Arabidopsis confer resistance to the plant hormone auxin. The axr1 mutants display a variety of morphological defects. In contrast, the only morphological defect observed in aux1 mutants is a loss of root gravitropism. To learn more about the function of these genes in auxin response, the expression of the(More)
Evolutionary explanations for the origin of modularity in genetic and developmental pathways generally assume that modularity confers a selective advantage. However, our results suggest that even in the absence of any direct selective advantage, genotypic modularity may increase through the formation of new subfunctions under near-neutral processes. Two(More)
To identify genes involved in meristem function we have designed a screen for temperature-sensitive mutations that cause a conditional arrest of early shoot development in Arabidopsis. We describe the characterization of three mutations, arrested development (add) 1, 2 and 3. At the restrictive temperature the add1 and add2 mutations disrupt apical meristem(More)
Creation of an embryonic fate map may provide insight into the patterns of cell division and specification contributing to the apical region of the early Arabidopsis embryo. A fate map has been constructed by inducing genetic chimerism during the two-apical-cell stage of embryogenesis to determine if the orientation of the first anticlinal cell division(More)