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Daily urinary calcium excretion in renal stone-forming subjects is shown to vary directly with moderate changes in dietary sodium intake. The changes produced are sufficient to alter the basic diagnostic classification from 'hypercalciuric' to 'normocalciuric' because dietary sodium is reduced from 200 to 80 mM/day. Similar changes were observed in fasting(More)
A standard oral calcium loading test has been employed in a group of idiopathic hypercalciuria (IH) subjects and in a group of marginally hypercalcaemic subjects with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) in whom the diagnosis was revealed by careful combined measurements of serum ionized calcium and immuno-reactive parathyroid hormone (iPTH). Initial values(More)
The vitamin D status of 181 elderly Irish community-dwelling and institutionalized subjects was studied during Winter-Spring. The mean serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level was 10 nmol/L (95% range less than 5.0-59 nmol/L); values were below 25 nmol/L in 79 percent of subjects. A significant seasonal variation of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels was noted in(More)
Metabolic bone disease occurring in renal or intestinal disorders has been reviewed with particular reference to etiological factors. Hyperparathyroidism is seen as a recurring cycle of renal damage-hyperphosphatemia-hypocalcemia-parathyroid stimulation-mobilization of bone calcium and phosphate-renal tubular phosphate rejection. In intestinal cases, the(More)
This study reports serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-(OH)D) levels, bone mineral content and bone maturation in 20 adolescent and adult patients with cystic fibrosis, and their response to the internationally recommended dose of supplementary vitamin D (800 iu/day; 20 micrograms/day). Serum 25-(OH)D values were below normal in 75 per cent of patients and serum(More)
We studied six patients with renal stone disease, hypercalciuria, cystinuria and/or hyperuricosuria, during variations in dietary Na and Cl intake. Switching between equimolar NaCl and NaHCO3 intakes reduced urinary Ca (UCa) during the NaHCO3 phase, despite steady-state urinary Na. Switching between equimolar NaCl and KCl did not change UCa, despite a sharp(More)