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Rho family GTPases control numerous cellular processes including cytoskeletal reorganization and transcriptional activation. Rho GTPases are activated by guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) which stimulate the exchange of bound GDP for GTP. We recently isolated a putative GEF, termed p190RhoGEF that binds to RhoA and, when overexpressed in neuronal(More)
Neuronal cells undergo rapid growth cone collapse, neurite retraction, and cell rounding in response to certain G protein-coupled receptor agonists such as lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). These shape changes are driven by Rho-mediated contraction of the actomyosin-based cytoskeleton. To date, however, detection of Rho activation has been hampered by the lack(More)
In N1E-115 cells, neurite retraction induced by neurite remodelling factors such as lysophosphatidic acid, sphingosine 1-phosphate and semaphorin 3A require the activity of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinases (PIP5Ks). PIP5Ks synthesise the phosphoinositide lipid second messenger phosphatidylinositol(4,5)bisphosphate [PtdIns(4,5)P₂], and(More)
Rapid neurite remodeling is fundamental to nervous system development and plasticity and is regulated by Rho family GTPases that signal f-actin reorganization in response to various receptor ligands. Neuronal N1E-115 cells show dramatic neurite retraction and cell rounding in response to serum factors such as lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), sphingosine-1(More)
p116Rip, originally identified as a binding partner of activated RhoA, is an actin-binding protein that interacts with the regulatory myosin-binding subunit (MBS) of myosin-II phosphatase and is essential for Rho-regulated cytoskeletal contractility. Here, we have examined the role of p116Rip in RhoA-mediated activation of the transcription factor SRF. We(More)
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