Francis O'Brien

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BACKGROUND Pollen immunotherapy is effective in selected patients with IgE-mediated seasonal allergic rhinitis, although it is questionable whether there is long-term benefit after the discontinuation of treatment. METHODS We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of the discontinuation of immunotherapy for grass-pollen allergy in(More)
The administration of guanethidine to newborn rats has been shown to produce a permanent sympathectomy with potential advantages over immunosympathectomy and 6-hydroxydopamine-induced chemical sympathectomy. In this paper, we report on a revised treatment regimen involving initiation of treatment (50 mg/kg/day) on day 7 after birth and continuing for 3(More)
The administration of guanethidine to adult rats has been shown by morphological criteria to destroy sympathetic neurons. The objective of this study was to evaluate by biochemical and functional criteria the degree and permanence of this sympathectomy. Young adult male rats (260-300 g) were injected with saline (controls) or with guanethidine for 5 weeks.(More)
The effects of normothermia and delayed hypothermia on the levels of N-acetylaspartate (NAA), reduced glutathione (GSH) and the activities of mitochondrial complex I, II-III, IV and citrate synthase were measured in brain homogenates obtained from anaesthetized neonatal pigs following transient in vivo hypoxia-ischaemia. In the normothermic animals there(More)
BACKGROUND Basophils represent an important source of inflammatory mediators and cytokines after IgE-dependent activation in human beings. OBJECTIVE To assess the role of basophils in allergic asthma, we measured the number of basophils in the bronchial mucosa and their capacity to express IL-4 mRNA and protein during allergen-induced late asthmatic(More)
Grass pollen immunotherapy for the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis ('summer hayfever') results in improvement in symptoms, a reduction in the early and late phase responses to allergen provocation and decreased tissue eosinophilia. Immunotherapy may act by altering the pattern of cytokine production by allergen-specific T cells from a 'Th2-type'(More)
BACKGROUND Local antigen presentation may be necessary for both primary and recall T-cell responses to grass pollen in hay fever patients. We examined the effect of seasonal allergen exposure on nasal mucosal antigen-presenting cell (APC) populations and the effects of topical corticosteroid therapy. METHODS Nasal biopsies were collected from 46 grass(More)
BACKGROUND Bronchiectasis is a chronic suppurative lung disease characterised by irreversible dilation of the bronchi and persistent purulent sputum. The immunopathology of the disease was studied using a quantitative immunostaining technique with particular reference to T lymphocytes, macrophages, and granulocytes. METHODS Bronchial mucosal biopsy(More)
The production of TH2-type cytokines [interleukin-4 (IL-4) and IL-5] and tissue eosinophilia are characteristic features of allergic diseases. It was previously reported that at 24 h after allergen provocation, CD3+ T-lymphocytes were the principal cell source of IL-4 and IL-5 mRNA transcripts in both atopic asthma and rhinitis. To investigate whether IL-4(More)