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Drosophila sequences at chromosomal positions 25D (Brk25D) and 43E (Brk43E) are similar to the TGF beta type I receptor serine/threonine kinases and are expressed broadly during embryogenesis. Brk25D binds dpp protein and bone morphogenetic protein 2 with high affinity. Mutations affecting Brk25D map to the gene thick veins and block the expression of two(More)
The decapentaplegic (dpp) gene product, a member of the transforming growth factor-beta family, is required in Drosophila embryos for normal gastrulation and the establishment of dorsal-ventral polarity in the embryo. dpp is also expressed at specific positions in the visceral mesoderm along the developing midgut. We find that mutations that eliminate the(More)
Genetic screens for dominant second-site mutations that suppress the lethality of Abl mutations in Drosophila identified alleles of only one gene, enabled (ena). We report that the ena protein contains proline-rich motifs and binds to Abl and Src SH3 domains, ena is also a substrate for the Abl kinase; tyrosine phosphorylation of ena is increased when it is(More)
Dorsal-ventral patterning within the ectoderm of the Drosophila embryo requires seven zygotic genes, including short gastrulation (sog). Here we demonstrate that sog, which is expressed in the ventrolateral region of the embryo that gives rise to the nerve cord, is functionally homologous to the chordin gene of Xenopus, which is expressed in the dorsal(More)
During Drosophila embryogenesis homeotic genes control the developmental diversification of body structures. The genes probably coordinate the expression of as yet unidentified target genes that carry out cell differentiation processes. At least four homeotic genes expressed in the visceral mesoderm are required for midgut morphogenesis. In addition, two(More)
The decapentaplegic (dpp) locus of Drosophila melanogaster is a greater than 55 kb genetic unit required for proper pattern formation during the embryonic and imaginal development of the organism. We have proposed that these morphogenetic functions result from the action of a secreted transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta)-related protein product(More)
The Drosophila abelson (abl) gene encodes the homolog of the mammalian c-abl cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase and is an essential gene for the development of viable adult flies. Three second-site mutations that suppress the lethality caused by the absence of abl function have been isolated, and all three map to the gene enabled (ena). The mutations are recessive(More)
The decapentaplegic gene complex (2-4.0) in Drosophila melanogaster is defined by a series of allelic mutations affecting imaginal disk development. Decapentaplegic (dpp) mutant individuals exhibit a variety of pattern deficiencies and duplications in structures derived from one or more of the 15 major imaginal disks. Based on dpp mutant phenotypes, we(More)
Mutations in the Drosophila Abelson tyrosine kinase have pleiotropic effects late in development that lead to pupal lethality or adults with a reduced life span, reduced fecundity and rough eyes. We have examined the expression of the abl protein throughout embryonic and pupal development and analyzed mutant phenotypes in some of the tissues expressing abl.(More)
Inductive interactions between germ layers are an essential feature of the development of many organisms. In several species these interactions are mediated by members of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF beta) family. In amphibians, different concentrations of activin can induce different types of mesoderm in the animal cap assay. In Drosophila, a(More)