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Chemotaxis, directed cell migration in a gradient of chemoattractant, is an important biological phenomenon that plays pivotal roles in cancer metastasis. Newly developed microfluidic chemotaxis chambers (MCC) were used to study chemotaxis of metastatic breast cancer cells, MDA-MB-231, in EGF gradients of well-defined profiles. Migration behaviors of(More)
This paper describes the use of a simple microfluidic device for studying T cell chemotaxis. The microfluidic device is fabricated in poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) using soft-lithography and consists of a "Y" type fluidic channel. Solutions are infused into the device by syringe pumps and generate a concentration gradient in the channel by diffusion. We(More)
Immune cell migration is a fundamental process that enables immunosurveillance and immune responses. Understanding the mechanism of immune cell migration is not only of importance to the biology of cells, but also has high relevance to cell trafficking mediated physiological processes and diseases such as embryogenesis, wound healing, autoimmune diseases(More)
Neutrophils need to correctly interpret gradients of chemotactic factors (CFs) such as interleukin 8 (IL-8) to migrate to the site of infection and perform immune functions. Because diffusion-based chemotaxis assays used in previous studies suffer from temporally changing gradients, it is difficult to distinguish the influence of CF gradient steepness from(More)
Intracellular molecular motor-driven transport is essential for such diverse processes as mitosis, neuronal function, and mitochondrial transport. Whereas there have been in vitro studies of how motors function at the single-molecule level, and in vivo studies of the structure of filamentary networks, studies of how the motors effectively use the networks(More)
Alkaline pectin lyase (PNL) shows potential as a biological control agent against several plant diseases. We isolated and characterized a new Bacillus clausii strain that can produce 4,180 U/g of PNL using sugar beet pulp as a carbon source and inducer. The PNL was purified to apparent homogeneity using ultrafiltration, ammonium sulfate fractionation, DEAE(More)
Neutrophils migrating in tissue respond to complex overlapping signals generated by a variety of chemotactic factors (CFs). Previous studies suggested a hierarchy between bacteria-derived CFs and host-derived CFs but could not differentiate neutrophil response to potentially equal host-derived CFs (IL-8 and LTB4). This paper reports neutrophil migration in(More)
This paper describes a microfluidic approach to generate dynamic temporal and spatial concentration gradients using a single microfluidic device. Compared to a previously described method that produced a single fixed gradient shape for each device, this approach combines a simple "mixer module" with gradient generating network to control and manipulate a(More)
Growth factor-induced chemotaxis of cancer cells is believed to play a critical role in metastasis, directing the spread of cancer from the primary tumor to secondary sites in the body. Understanding the mechanistic and quantitative behavior of cancer cell migration in growth factor gradients would greatly help in future treatment of metastatic cancers.(More)
The intracellular signaling processes controlling malignant B cell migration and tissue localization remain largely undefined. Tandem PH domain-containing proteins TAPP1 and TAPP2 are adaptor proteins that specifically bind to phosphatidylinositol-3,4-bisphosphate, or PI(3,4)P2, a product of phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3K). While PI3K enzymes have a(More)