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The coat protein of the RNA bacteriophage MS2 is a specific RNA binding protein that represses translation of the viral replicase gene during the infection cycle. As an approach to characterizing the RNA-binding site of coat protein we have isolated a series of coat mutants that suppress the effects of a mutation in the translational operator. Each of the(More)
PP7 is a single-strand RNA bacteriophage of Pseudomonas aeroginosa and a distant relative to coliphages like MS2 and Qbeta. Here we show that PP7 coat protein is a specific RNA-binding protein, capable of repressing the translation of sequences fused to the translation initiation region of PP7 replicase. Its RNA binding activity is specific since it(More)
The coat protein of bacteriophage MS2 functions as a symmetric dimer to bind an asymmetric RNA hairpin. This implies the existence of two equivalent RNA binding sites related to one another by a 2-fold symmetry axis. In this view the symmetric binding site defined by mutations conferring the repressor-defective phenotype is a composite picture of these two(More)
The coat proteins of RNA phages MS2 and GA are specific RNA-binding proteins which function to encapsidate viral RNA and to translationally repress synthesis of the viral replicase. The two proteins have highly homologous amino acid sequences, yet they show different RNA binding specificities, recognizing RNA stem-loop structures which differ primarily in(More)
We have developed a novel 'sample and probe' approach as a means to identifying specific DNA elements of the enkephalin gene that control differentiation of the enkephalinergic phenotype during neurodevelopment. The approach is a systematic spatiotemporal analysis of protein-DNA interactions; soluble nuclear proteins ('samples') prepared from microdissected(More)
The coat proteins of different single-strand RNA phages use a common protein tertiary structural framework to recognize different RNA hairpins and thus offer a natural model for understanding the molecular basis of RNA-binding specificity. Here we describe the RNA structural requirements for binding to the coat protein of bacteriophage PP7, an RNA phage of(More)
During our search for transcriptional regulators that control the developmentally regulated expression of the enkephalin (ENK) gene, we identified AUF1. ENK, a peptide neurotransmitter, displays precise cell-specific expression in the adult brain. AUF1 (also known as heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein D) has been known to regulate gene expression(More)
The coat proteins of the RNA bacteriophages Qbeta and MS2 are specific RNA binding proteins. Although they possess common tertiary structures, they bind different RNA stem loops and thus provide useful models of specific protein-RNA recognition. Although the RNA-binding site of MS2 coat protein has been extensively characterized previously, little is known(More)
The coat proteins of different single-strand RNA phages utilize a common structural framework to recognize different RNA targets, making them suitable models for studies of RNA-protein recognition generally, especially for the class of proteins that bind RNA on a beta-sheet surface. Here we show that structurally distinct molecules are capable of satisfying(More)
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