Francis Lacombe

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A flow cytometric method to detect apoptotic cells is described. This method is based on the detection of differences in chromatin condensation with Hoechst 33342 as a probe and the detection of dead cells with propidium iodide as a probe for membrane damage. By this method it was possible to detect, in the same sample and at the same time, intact cells,(More)
It is an important challenge to better understand the mechanisms of tyrosine kinase inhibitors-induced apoptosis in CML cells. Thus, we have investigated how this apoptosis can be modulated by extracellular factors. Apoptosis induced by imatinib and nilotinib was determined in BCR-ABL expressing cell lines and primary CML CD34+ cells. Both molecules induced(More)
The European LeukemiaNet (ELN), workpackage 10 (WP10) was designed to deal with diagnosis matters using morphology and immunophenotyping. This group aimed at establishing a consensus on the required reagents for proper immunophenotyping of acute leukemia and lymphoproliferative disorders. Animated discussions within WP10, together with the application of(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of two methods of antibiotic susceptibility testing performed on Chlamydia trachomatis-infected cells: a flow cytometric detection method and the standard method, which consists of a microscopic reading of minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC). The L2 reference strain and 13 clinical strains isolated(More)
BACKGROUND Procaspase 3 is a constitutive proenzyme that is activated by cleavage during apoptosis. The resulting enzyme is able to cleave several target proteins after the second aspartate of a DEVD sequence common to all the substrates of caspases 3 and 7 (DEVDase). Because active caspase 3 is a common effector in several apoptotic pathways, it may be a(More)
A flow cytometry method has been introduced into the routine investigation of whole bone marrow samples following red blood cell lysis on the basis of a primary CD45/side scatter (SSC) gating procedure. Blast cells were first identified by CD45/SSC gating in 74 cases of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and the results were compared to a conventional FSC/SSC(More)
Forty-seven patients with chromosome Philadelphia-positive (Ph1) chronic granulocytic leukaemia (CGL) in transformation underwent autologous transplantation of peripheral blood stem cells (ABSCT) collected at the original diagnosis before any treatment. They were treated with three consecutive strategies: single transplant (group I = 17 patients), double(More)
Expression of the multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype is responsible for chemotherapy failure in numerous cancers. This phenotype is generally due to the expression of the mdr1 gene-encoded P-gp. Modulation of P-gp activity by chemotherapy has limited possibilities because of toxicity and poor specificity. In contrast, specific transcription blockage of(More)
Anthracyclines (ANT) are used in the treatment of leukemia and other cancers. These drugs have been shown to intercalate between the strands of DNA. In the present study, we show that the amount of ANT intercalated into DNA can be determined by measuring the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between Hoechst 33342 (H33342) and ANT bound to DNA.(More)
An increasing number of methods are being described to detect apoptotic cells. However, attempts to detect apoptotic cells in clinical samples are rarely successful. A hypothesis is that apoptotic cells are cleared from the circulation by phagocytosis before they become detectable by conventional morphological or cytometric methods. Using LR73 adhering(More)