Francis L. Munier

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Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) is the earliest and most severe form of all inherited retinal dystrophies, responsible for congenital blindness. Disease-associated mutations have been hitherto reported in seven genes. These genes are all expressed preferentially in the photoreceptor cells or the retinal pigment epithelium but they are involved in(More)
BACKGROUND The recent availability of genetic analyses has demonstrated the shortcomings of the current phenotypic method of corneal dystrophy classification. Abnormalities in different genes can cause a single phenotype, whereas different defects in a single gene can cause different phenotypes. Some disorders termed corneal dystrophies do not appear to(More)
Despite the fact that cataracts constitute the leading cause of blindness worldwide, the mechanisms of lens opacification remain unclear. We recently mapped the aculeiform cataract to the gamma-crystallin locus (CRYG) on chromosome 2q33-35, and mutational analysis of the CRYG-genes cluster identified the aculeiform-cataract mutation in exon 2 of(More)
Bietti crystalline corneoretinal dystrophy (BCD) is an autosomal recessive retinal dystrophy characterized by multiple glistening intraretinal crystals scattered over the fundus, a characteristic degeneration of the retina, and sclerosis of the choroidal vessels, ultimately resulting in progressive night blindness and constriction of the visual field. The(More)
Corneal clarity is maintained by its endothelium, which functions abnormally in the endothelial dystrophies, leading to corneal opacification. This group of conditions includes Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy of the cornea (FECD), one of the commonest indications for corneal transplantation performed in developed countries, posterior polymorphous dystrophy(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the molecular pathology underlying BIGH3-related corneal dystrophies (CDs) and to further delineate genotype-phenotype specificity. METHODS Sixty-one index patients with CDs were subjected to phenotypic and genotypic characterization. The corneal phenotypes of all patients were assessed by biomicroscopy and documented by slit lamp(More)
PURPOSE To characterize the potential of newborn retinal stem cells (RSCs) isolated from the radial glia population to integrate the retina, this study was conducted to investigate the fate of in vitro expanded RSCs transplanted into retinas devoid of photoreceptors (adult rd1 and old VPP mice and rhodopsin-mutated transgenic mice) or partially degenerated(More)
Mutations in the BIGH3 gene on chromosome 5q31 cause four distinct autosomal dominant diseases of the human cornea: granular (Groenouw type I), Reis-Bücklers, lattice type I, and Avellino corneal dystrophies. All four diseases are characterized by both progressive accumulation of corneal deposits and eventual loss of vision. We have identified a specific(More)
Malattia Leventinese (ML), an inherited macular degenerative disease, is closely reminiscent of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the most common cause of incurable blindness. Both ML and AMD are characterized by extracellular deposits known as drusen between the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and Bruch's membrane. The mechanism underlying drusen(More)
Granular dystrophy Groenouw type I (CDGG1), Reis-Bücklers (CDRB), lattice type I (CDL1) and Avellino (ACD) are four 5q31-linked human autosomal dominant corneal dystrophies. Clinically, they show progressive opacification of the cornea leading to severe visual handicap. The nature of the deposits remains unknown in spite of amyloid aetiology ascribed to the(More)