Francis Kwokshun Lee

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CONTEXT Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 are common infections worldwide. Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is the cause of most genital herpes and is almost always sexually transmitted. In contrast, HSV-1 is usually transmitted during childhood via nonsexual contacts. Preexisting HSV-1 antibodies can alleviate clinical manifestations of(More)
BACKGROUND Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection is usually transmitted sexually and can cause recurrent, painful genital ulcers. In neonates the infection is potentially lethal. We investigated the seroprevalence and correlates of HSV-2 infection in the United States and identified changes in HSV-2 seroprevalence since the late 1970s. METHODS(More)
A newly developed Herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1 and type 2 enzyme immunoassay has been applied to over 40,000 sera from different populations in the US and 17 other countries on all 5 continents. The HSV-1 antibody patterns found permit the current and past socioeconomic status, as well as the extent of oral-genital sexual contact, to be deduced for(More)
Seroprevalence of and coinfection with herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2) in the United States were analyzed by use of data from a nationally representative survey (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, 1988-1994). Evidence was explored for possible protection by prior HSV-1 infection against infection and clinical(More)
Sera from patients with culture-proven genital herpes infections were tested for herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1)- and HSV-2-specific antibodies by both a Western blot (immunoblot) technique (WBA) and immunodot enzyme assays (IEAs) specific for HSV-1 or HSV-2 glycoprotein G (gG). Of 137 serum samples tested, none was mistyped by either WBA or IEA. Both(More)
The prevalence of infection with the genital herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) has been difficult to ascertain, primarily because of the large percentage of subclinical cases and the limitations in specificity of serologic assays for antibody to HSV-2. To obtain an improved estimate of the distribution of HSV-2 infection in the United States, we used an(More)
Antibodies to cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and herpes simplex viruses types 1 and 2 (HSV-1, HSV-2) in three sequential serum samples from 62 men who did and 61 men who did not develop human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection at the time of the final (third) serum specimen were studied. Antibody titers to CMV, EBV, and HSV-1 did not(More)
A survey of an emerging tuberculosis epidemic among the Yanomami Indians of the Amazonian rain forest provided a unique opportunity to study the impact of tuberculosis on a population isolated from contact with the tubercle bacillus for millennia until the mid-1960s. Within the Yanomami population, an extraordinary high prevalence of active tuberculosis(More)
BACKGROUND Infants with congenital thymic deficiency (the DiGeorge syndrome) have immunodeficiency and a characteristic pattern of low CD4+ and CD8+ T-lymphocyte counts and low CD5+ B-lymphocyte counts. Because the thymus is essential for the generation of CD4+ cells, we sought evidence of thymus dysfunction in infants infected perinatally with the human(More)