Francis J Schmitz

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 Integrons are genetic elements that, although unable to move themselves, contain gene cassettes that can be mobilized to other integrons or to secondary sites in the bacterial genome. The majority of approximately 60 known gene cassettes encode resistance to antibiotics. Recently, a number of gene cassettes encoding extended-spectrum β-lactamases or(More)
Four novel bisulfide bromotyrosine derivatives, psammaplins E (9), F (10), G (11), and H (12), and two new bromotyrosine derivatives, psammaplins I (13) and J (14), were isolated from the sponge Pseudoceratina purpurea, along with known psammaplins A (4), B (6), C (7), and D (8) and bisaprasin (5). The structures of psammaplins E (9) and F (10), which each(More)
Extracts and pure compounds isolated from four samples of Dysidea sp. sponges collected from two geographically distinct regions of the Indo-Pacific (Chuuk Atoll and Fiji) were assayed against five different enzyme assays, four of which are relevant to anticancer drug discovery and one of which (15-lipoxygenase) may detect compounds significant in(More)
Acanthifolicin (9,10-epithio-okadaic acid from Pandoras acanthifolium) inhibited protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) similarly to okadaic acid (IC50 = 20 nM and 19 nM, respectively) but was slightly less active against protein phosphatase-2A (PP2A) (IC50 = 1 nM and 0.2 nM, respectively). Methyl esterification of acanthifolicin sharply reduced its activity. PP2A was(More)
s of Workshop Papers Abstracts of Workshop Paperss of Workshop Papers TOBACCO LEAF PROTEIN Pilot-scale technology that extracts high-quality protein from young tobacco leaves has been developed. Soluble proteins extracted from tobacco plants might be added to foods as nutritional supplements or for functional properties (e.g., gelling, thickening). Although(More)
Four new cyclic peptides, patellamide G (2) and ulithiacyclamides E-G (3-5), along with the known patellamides A-C (6-8) and ulithiacyclamide B (9), were isolated from the ascidian Lissoclinum patella collected in Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia. The planar structures of these peptides were determined from 1D and 2D 1H and 13C NMR spectra. The(More)
Bioassay-guided fractionation of the aqueous alcoholic extract of the marine sponge Verongia spengelii for tumor inhibitory agents led to the isolation of aplysinopsin, a new tryptophan derivative recently reported from another sponge Thorecta aplysinopsis. Aplysinopsin showed cytotoxicity against the KB, P388 and L1210 cell cultures.