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The tendency to "catastrophize" during painful stimulation contributes to more intense pain experience and increased emotional distress. Catastrophizing has been broadly conceived as an exaggerated negative "mental set" brought to bear during painful experiences. Although findings have been consistent in showing a relation between catastrophizing and pain,(More)
Cognitive and behavioral pain coping strategies were assessed by means of questionnaire in a sample of 61 chronic low back pain patients. Data analysis indicated that the questionnaire was internally reliable. While patients reported using a variety of coping strategies, certain strategies were used frequently whereas others were rarely used. Three factors:(More)
BACKGROUND Generalized social phobia is common, persistent, and disabling and is often treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor drugs or cognitive behavioral therapy. OBJECTIVE We compared fluoxetine (FLU), comprehensive cognitive behavioral group therapy (CCBT), placebo (PBO), and the combinations of CCBT/FLU and CCBT/PBO. DESIGN Randomized,(More)
The ENCyclopedia Of DNA Elements (ENCODE) Project aims to identify all functional elements in the human genome sequence. The pilot phase of the Project is focused on a specified 30 megabases (È1%) of the human genome sequence and is organized as an international consortium of computational and laboratory-based scientists working to develop and apply(More)
One hundred and sixty-eight patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knees participated in this study. Of the participants, 72 were men and 96 were women. All participants completed the Arthritis Impact Measurement Scales (AIMS), underwent a 10 min standardized observation session to assess their pain behavior, and completed the Catastrophizing Scale of the(More)
CONTEXT The psychosocial impact of arthritis can be profound. There is growing interest in psychosocial interventions for managing pain and disability in arthritis patients. OBJECTIVE This meta-analysis reports on the efficacy of psychosocial interventions for arthritis pain and disability. DATA SOURCES Articles evaluating psychosocial interventions for(More)
UNLABELLED This article provides an overview of current research on psychological aspects of persistent pain. It is divided into 3 sections. In section 1, recent studies are reviewed that provide evidence that psychological factors are related to adjustment to persistent pain. This section addresses research on factors associated with increased pain and(More)
Meta-analytic techniques were utilized to investigate the relationship between self-reports of pain intensity and direct observations of pain behavior. Estimation of the overall effect size from 29 studies and 85 effect sizes yielded a moderately positive association, z=0.26. High variability across studies permitted a random-effects moderator analysis that(More)
The current paper provides a brief overview of research on the effects of race and ethnicity on pain. More specifically, the article reviews the utility of the concepts of race and ethnicity for pain research, suggests operational definitions of race and ethnicity, reviews the literature on the effects of race and ethnicity on laboratory and clinical pain,(More)