Francis J Coffey

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Current models of the germinal center (GC) response propose that after stimulation at the edges of T cell zones, pre-GC B cells directly migrate to the center of follicles and proliferate to form GCs. We followed the interrelationship of proliferation, differentiation, and microenvironmental locale in populations of pre-GC B cells responding to antigen. In(More)
Fas/Apo-1 signals through the FADD (Fas-associated death domain) adaptor protein, which recruits and activates the apical caspase 8 and leads to apoptosis. Cellular FLIP (cFLIP) is a homolog of caspase 8 and is also capable of binding to FADD. Previous studies suggest that cFLIP could either enhance or inhibit apoptosis and lead to NF-kappaB and Erk1/2(More)
Numerous studies indicate that γδ T cell receptor (γδTCR) expression alone does not reliably mark commitment of early thymic progenitors to the γδ fate. This raises the possibility that the γδTCR is unable to intrinsically specify fate and instead requires additional environmental factors, including TCR-ligand engagement. We use single cell progenitor(More)
Although Appl1 and Appl2 have been implicated in multiple cellular activities, we and others have found that Appl1 is dispensable for mouse embryonic development, suggesting that Appl2 can substitute for Appl1 during development. To address this possibility, we generated conditionally targeted Appl2 mice. We found that ubiquitous Appl2 knockout (Appl2-/-)(More)
Although ribosomal proteins facilitate the ribosome’s core function of translation, emerging evidence suggests that some ribosomal proteins are also capable of performing tissue-restricted functions either from within specialized ribosomes or from outside of the ribosome. In particular, we have previously demonstrated that germline ablation of the gene(More)
Recent findings support a central role for TLRs in both foreign Ag-driven immune responses and systemic autoimmune diseases mediated by B lymphocytes. In vitro studies have shown that the Ag receptors (BCRs) on B cells specific for nuclear autoantigens can facilitate the delivery of these autoantigens to the endocytic compartment, resulting in activation of(More)
Appl1 (Adaptor protein containing pleckstrin homology [PH], phosphotyrosine binding [PTB], and Leucine zipper motifs) is an adaptor that participates in cell signaling by interacting with various signaling molecules including Akt, PI3-kinase (PI3K), Rab5, adiponectin receptor, and TrkA. By using RNA knockdown technology, Appl1 has been implicated in(More)
αβ and γδ T cells are thought to arise from a common precursor in the thymus but play distinct roles in pathogen resistance. Although conventional αβ T cells exit the thymus in a naive state and acquire effector function in the periphery, the effector fate of many γδ T cells is specified in the thymus and exhibits limited plasticity thereafter. This review(More)
High levels of the Fas-signaling antagonist cellular FLIP (cFLIP) in germinal center (GC) B cells suggests an important role for this factor during this stage of the T cell-dependent B cell immune response. To test this idea, we used mice with B cell-specific deletion of a floxed cFLIP allele. Although deletion of cFLIP did not alter their primary(More)