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In scrapie-affected sheep flocks, host PrP genotype plays a vital role in determining which sheep will succumb to scrapie and the incubation period. Consequently, within-flock scrapie dynamics is best understood within the context of the genotype profile of the flock. Here we describe a 17 month epidemic of scrapie in a commercially farmed flock of 230(More)
We have shown that it is possible to transmit bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) to a sheep by transfusion with whole blood taken from another sheep during the symptom-free phase of an experimental BSE infection. BSE and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) In human beings are caused by the same infectious agent, and the sheep-BSE experimental model(More)
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM The precise transfer of intraoral relationships of implants to laboratory working models is central to the success of implant prostheses. PURPOSE In this study a stone master model incorporating five implants (Bone-Lock) was used to compare the dimensional accuracy of a splinted impression technique with an unsplinted impression(More)
Different cellular and neuroanatomical types of disease-specific prion protein (PrP(d)) accumulation in the brain were identified in sheep of different breeds and PrP genotypes exposed to experimental or natural scrapie infection. Immunohistochemical examination of the brains of 43 sheep with clinical signs compatible with scrapie revealed 12 different(More)
Detailed neuropathological examination for vacuolar lesions was performed on the brains of 42 sheep with clinical signs compatible with scrapie. The sheep were grouped according to their breed (Poll-Dorset, Cheviot, Welsh Mountain, Shetland and Suffolk), their PrP genotype at codons 136, 154 and 171 (VRQ/VRQ, VRQ/ARQ, VRQ/ARR and ARQ/ARQ) and the type of(More)
The diagnosis of prion diseases, such as scrapie and BSE, has traditionally relied upon the identification of the disease-associated form of the prion protein, PrP(Sc), based on its resistance to digestion by proteinase K (PK). A more recent development is the conformation-dependent immunoassay (CDI), which distinguishes between PrP Sc and normal PrP (PrP(More)
PrP(C), a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked glycoprotein, plays a central role in the pathogenesis of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), undergoing a conformational alteration to the disease-associated isoform, commonly designated PrP(Sc). PrP(C) is expressed in many tissues other than the nervous system, although its precise function(s)(More)
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM There is insufficient information regarding the adaptation of abutments to implants. PURPOSE This study assessed the adaptation of premachined, cast, and laboratory modified premachined abutments to implants at two sites: abutment/implant interface and screw to screw seat. MATERIAL AND METHODS Six combinations of abutments and(More)
We have shown that it is possible to transmit bovine spongiform encephalitis (BSE) to a sheep by transfusion with whole blood taken from another sheep during the pre-clinical phase of an experimental BSE infection when the donor animal appears healthy. BSE and new variant Creutzfeld-Jakob disease (vCJD) in humans are caused by the same infectious agent and(More)
This study compared the putty/wash one-step and two-step techniques for making addition silicone impressions. For each technique 15 impressions were made of a stainless steel base to which three tapered posts were attached. Stone models were made of all impressions. The results indicated that the interabutment distances increased slightly compared with the(More)