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School-to-work patterns and issues are discussed for seven economies (France, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden, UK and US). The emphasis is placed on differences across countries in both the current labour market position of young people and recent trends therein, along with the institutions that regulate youth education, training and employment. The(More)
We investigate the effect of union membership on job satisfaction. Whilst it is common to study the effects of union status on satisfaction treating individual membership as given, in this paper, we account for the endogenous selection induced by the sorting of workers into unionised jobs. Using linked employer-employee data from the 1998 British Workplace(More)
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means without the prior permission in writing of the publisher nor be issued to the public or circulated in any form other than that in which it is published. Private schools in the UK, though far less numerous than state(More)
A variety of clinical and experimental evidence indicates that surfactant may be important in the pathogenesis and treatment of asthma. The purpose of this study was to determine the pharmacologic effect of pulmonary surfactant and its major lipid and protein constituents on bronchial smooth muscle. First-generation bronchi from male Sprague-Dawley rats(More)
As one of the world's foremost employment agencies, Manpower is seeking to contribute to the analysis of and policy debate around the issues of the changing world of work. In May 2006 it therefore established with the Centre for Economic Performance the Manpower Human Resources Lab at the London School of Economics. The aim of the Lab is to become a leading(More)
Different "professional" antigen-presenting cells (APC) have unique characteristics that favor or restrict presentation of microbial antigens to T cells, depending on the organism. Cryptococcus neoformans is a pathogenic yeast that presents unique challenges to APC, including its large size, its rigid cell wall, and its ability to stimulate T cells as a(More)
Employability strongly moderates the effects of unemployment and of job insecurity on life satisfaction and mental health. Using nationally representative panel data from Australia, I find that an increase in employability from zero to 100% cancels around three quarters, in some cases more, of the detrimental effect of unemployment. Employability also(More)
This paper shows the employment structure of 16 European countries has been polarizing in recent years with the employment shares of managers, professionals and low-paid personal services workers increasing at the expense of the employment shares of middling manufacturing and routine office workers. To explain this job polarization, the paper develops and(More)