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Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), dopamine, and opioids are implicated in impulse control, addiction and binge eating. Recent evidence suggests that sucrose alters the effects of GABAergic, dopaminergic, and opioid receptor ligands on consumption of a fatty food in a rat limited-access binge protocol. This study determined the independent effects of fat and(More)
Previous work in rats has demonstrated that an Intermittent (Monday, Wednesday, Friday) schedule of access promotes binge-type consumption of 100% vegetable shortening during a 1-h period of availability. The present study used novel shortening-derived stable solid emulsions of various fat concentrations. These emulsions were the consistency of pudding and(More)
Binge eating and substance dependence are disorders characterized by a loss of control over consummatory behaviors. Given the common characteristics of these two types of disorders, it is not surprising that the comorbidity between eating disorders and substance abuse disorders is high (20-40%; Conason et al., 2006). It is unknown, however, whether loss of(More)
When non-food-deprived rats are given intermittent access to certain substances, consumption of those substances is greater than when more frequent access is provided. The present study examined the effects of three different shortening access conditions on subsequent shortening intake in rats. Each of the three different shortening conditions lasted five(More)
Intermittent limited access to an optional source of dietary fat can induce binge-type behavior in rats. However, the ability of such access to alter the reinforcing efficacy of fat has not been clearly demonstrated. In this study, performance under progressive ratio one (PR1) and three (PR3) schedules of shortening (fat) reinforcement was assessed in(More)
As interest in the study of binge eating has increased, several measures of bingeing have been developed for use in animal models. Two of the measures that have been used to distinguish binge-type from normal intake in animal studies are: (1) comparing intake at a given point in time between groups, and (2) assessing escalation of intake across time within(More)
Previous studies have reported binge-type consumption of solid vegetable shortening in non-food deprived rats maintained on schedules of limited shortening access. The current study determined if limited access would promote binge-type consumption of sucrose solutions. Adult male rats (6 groups, n = 10 each) were provided with one of three different sucrose(More)
The GABA-B agonist baclofen reduces drug self-administration in rats and has shown promise clinically in the treatment of substance abuse. Baclofen generally does not reduce food intake in non-binge feeding protocols. In this study, baclofen was tested in a fat-binge protocol. Thirty male rats were divided into three groups (B: binge; FM: fat-matched; C:(More)
Studies from this and another laboratory involving an animal model of binge-type behavior have used vegetable shortening containing trans-fats. Due to reformulations by vegetable shortening manufacturers to remove trans-fats from their products, only trans-fat-free shortenings are now available. The goal of the present study was to assess binge-type(More)
Operant performance of non-food deprived rats (n=8) was assessed under progressive ratio (PR) and concurrent PR-fixed ratio schedules of food pellet and/or vegetable shortening reinforcement. Post operant baselines, rats were matched and divided into 2 groups based upon the schedule of shortening availability: High restriction binge group (H, 1-hr home cage(More)