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Over evolutionary time bacteriophages have developed unique proteins that arrest critical cellular processes to commit bacterial host metabolism to phage reproduction. Here, we apply this concept of phage-mediated bacterial growth inhibition to antibiotic discovery. We sequenced 26 Staphylococcus aureus phages and identified 31 novel polypeptide families(More)
Oritavancin, a semisynthetic lipoglycopeptide with activity against gram-positive bacteria, has multiple mechanisms of action, including the inhibition of cell wall synthesis and the perturbation of the membrane potential. Approved guidelines for broth microdilution MIC assays with dalbavancin, another lipoglycopeptide, require inclusion of 0.002%(More)
Slow-growing bacteria and biofilms are notoriously tolerant to antibiotics. Oritavancin is a lipoglycopeptide with multiple mechanisms of action that contribute to its bactericidal action against exponentially growing gram-positive pathogens, including the inhibition of cell wall synthesis and perturbation of membrane barrier function. We sought to(More)
Oritavancin activity was tested against 15,764 gram-positive isolates collected from 246 hospital centers in 25 countries between 2005 and 2008. Organisms were Staphylococcus aureus (n = 9,075), coagulase-negative staphylococci (n = 1,664), Enterococcus faecalis (n = 1,738), Enterococcus faecium (n = 819), Streptococcus pyogenes (n = 959), Streptococcus(More)
A, Bentchouala C et al. Multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype Senftenberg isolates producing CTX-M b-lactamases from Constantine, Algeria. nucleotide sequence of the pCTX-M3 plasmid and its involvement in spread of the extended-spectrum b-lactamase gene bla CTX-M-3. Worldwide disseminated armA aminoglycoside resistance methylase gene is borne by(More)
OBJECTIVES Oritavancin, a lipoglycopeptide, possesses bactericidal activity against Gram-positive bacteria including vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and enterococci. To understand the time dependence of oritavancin activity, we have undertaken time-kill experiments against isolates of S. aureus, Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium,(More)
The primary sigma factor of Staphylococcus aureus, sigma(SA), regulates the transcription of many genes, including several essential genes, in this bacterium via specific recognition of exponential growth phase promoters. In this study, we report the existence of a novel staphylococcal phage G1-derived growth inhibitory polypeptide, referred to as G1ORF67,(More)
The activity of oritavancin in vitro against recent clinical isolates of Streptococcus pyogenes, including antibiotic-resistant strains, was characterised by determination of broth microdilution minimal inhibitory concentrations as well as time-kill assays. Ten clinical isolates of S. pyogenes, three of which were resistant to erythromycin, as well as one(More)
A standardized serum bactericidal assay (SBA) is required to evaluate the functional activity of antibody produced in response to Neisseria meningitidis serogroup A and C vaccines. We evaluated assay parameters (assay buffer, target strains, growth of target cells, target cell number, complement source and concentration, and methods for growth of surviving(More)
The safety and efficacy of a single 1,200-mg dose of the lipoglycopeptide oritavancin are currently being investigated in two global phase 3 studies of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections. In this study, an in vitro pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic model was established to compare the free-drug pharmacodynamics associated with a single(More)