Francis Dowling

Learn More
STUDY DESIGN This study analyzed the asymmetry of a nonspinal sensory system, comparing healthy children and those with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. OBJECTIVES To test the hypothesis that differences in neurologic functioning that have been observed in idiopathic scoliosis are confined to motor organization and that the etiology thus is a defect(More)
The monitoring of spinal deformity uses many techniques: clinical history and physical examination for patient status, radiography for precise spinal delineation and Cobb angle, topography to quantify cosmesis and to approximate the Cobb angle. Experience with a system based on Raster photography has shown that adequate correlation with the Cobb angle is(More)
BACKGROUND Parkinson's disease is a common movement disorder affecting approximately 127,000 people in the UK, with an estimated two thirds having speech-related problems. Currently there is no preferred approach to speech and language therapy within the NHS and there is little evidence for the effectiveness of standard NHS therapy or Lee Silverman voice(More)
PROTOCOL Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the commonest causes of disability in older people with at least 8,000 new cases diagnosed each year in the UK alone. Levodopa (LD) controls symptoms for most patients but long-term use is associated with motor complications. A number of other drugs have been used, either alone or with reduced doses of LD, in an(More)
In order to explore the concept that scoliosis is fundamentally a loss of left-right symmetry. surface topography was used to measure asymmetry in three dimensions at three levels on the back surface. Statistical analysis of prospectively collected topographic, radiographic and clinical data, in girls with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, was carried out(More)
IMPORTANCE It is unclear whether physiotherapy and occupational therapy are clinically effective and cost-effective in Parkinson disease (PD). OBJECTIVE To perform a large pragmatic randomized clinical trial to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of individualized physiotherapy and occupational therapy in PD. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS The PD(More)
This study assessed the presentation, treatment, and prognosis of primary gastric lymphoma in general hospital practice and its relation to infection with Helicobacter pyloni. The number of patients that would on the current recommendations have been suitable for H pylori eradication therapy was also examined. All lymphomas were graded according to a(More)