Hemorrhage complicating acute carbon monoxide poisoning is usually confined to the basal ganglia. The authors report three people with acute carbon monoxide poisoning manifesting selective or prominent white matter involvement complicated by hemorrhagic infarction on CT and MRI in one and by subcortical T2*-weighted MRI abnormality in all three.
Periventricular heterotopia (PH) involves dramatic malformations of the human cerebral cortex. Here we show that PH is closely linked to markers in distal Xq28 (maximal two-point lod score = 4.77 for F8C at theta = 0; maximal multipoint lod score = 5.37), so that affected females are obligatory mosaics for the mutation; that PH is lethal to at least some… (More)
At the recent Tuberous Sclerosis Consensus Conference, a subcommittee proposed recommendations to guide the rational use of diagnostic studies in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex. Recommendations were made for diagnostic evaluation at the time of diagnosis, when testing helps both to establish the diagnosis and to identify potential complications.… (More)
We undertook a retrospective analysis of epilepsy patients referred and treated for more than 6 months with the ketogenic diet during 1994-1999 at Connecticut Children's Medical Center. Outcome measures included antiepileptic drug number, seizure frequency, electroencephalogram background/paroxysmal activity, and adverse effects at 6 months and 1 year on… (More)
Tuberous sclerosis complex is an autosomal dominant multisystem disorder. Spontaneous mutations occur in up to 60% of patients with gene loci located on chromosomes 9q34 (TSC1) and 16p13 (TSC2). Diagnosis is established with the identification of various neurocutaneous markers and multiple organ system hamartomas. The variable expression of severity, the… (More)
BACKGROUND Tuberous sclerosis (TSC) related tumors are characterized by constitutively activated mTOR signaling due to mutations in TSC1 or TSC2. METHODS We completed a phase 2 multicenter trial to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of the mTOR inhibitor, sirolimus, for the treatment of kidney angiomyolipomas. RESULTS 36 adults with TSC or TSC/LAM… (More)
Behavioral and related disorders are frequently reported in association with childhood epilepsy but the reasons for this are unclear. In a long-term prospective, community-based study of newly-diagnosed childhood epilepsy, behavioral assessments (Child Behavior Checklist) were performed in children 8 to 9 years after the initial diagnosis of epilepsy to… (More)
A 10-year-old girl with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome who received intravenous lorazepam for atypical absence status seizures is reported. Tonic seizures occurred immediately and appeared to represent a paradoxical seizure exacerbation. We also review other patients with paradoxical seizure exacerbation by benzodiazepines.
We assessed residual cognitive deficits in young people with idiopathic and cryptogenic epilepsy. In the setting of an ongoing prospective study, we invited participants initially diagnosed and enrolled in the cohort 8-9 years earlier to undergo standardized neuropsychological assessment. Sibling controls were invited when available. We analyzed 143 pairs… (More)
OBJECTIVE To define the evolution of identified high-signal brain parenchymal lesions on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1). DESIGN A cohort of patients with NF-1 who underwent MRI were identified prospectively and their imaging studies analyzed. PATIENTS All referred patients with NF-1 (as defined… (More)