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The measurement of child feeding practices is complex and the relation between the quality of feeding and children's nutritional status is difficult to establish. We examined this relation in rural Burkina Faso, West Africa, using an adapted version of the Infant and Child Feeding Index (ICFI). A cross-sectional study was conducted on a random sample of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the nutritional status of Tunisian adolescents and associated factors. DESIGN A cross-sectional study based on a national stratified random cluster sample. SUBJECTS AND METHODS In all, 1,295 boys and 1,577 girls aged 15-19 years, of whom 28.4 % had already left school. Socio-economic characteristics of the parents, anthropometric(More)
OBJECTIVE To study how dietary patterns and physical activity vary with acculturation and with past and current exposure to socio-cultural norms of the home country among Tunisian migrants. DESIGN A retrospective cohort study was conducted using quota sampling (n 150) based on age and residence. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated FFQ. Physical(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop scores for food variety and diversity to assess the overall dietary quality in an African rural area; and to study their relationship with the nutritional status of women of childbearing age. DESIGN Cross-sectional. SETTING Sahelian rural area in the North-East Burkina Faso (West Africa). SUBJECTS A total of 691 mothers with(More)
In developing countries, dietary diversity is usually assessed during a single yearly period and the effects of seasonal variations remain unknown. We studied these variations in women living in a Sahelian rural area (Burkina Faso). A representative sample of 550 women was surveyed at the beginning and at the end of the seasonal cereal shortage in April and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components and to evaluate the relationship between this diagnosis and cardiovascular risk factors, demographic and socio-economic variables. DESIGN A cross-sectional study using a questionnaire including information on sociodemographic and CVD risk factors. Blood pressure,(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the relative importance of socioeconomic and maternal/prenatal determinants of the nutritional situation of children < 6 years old in an urban African area after several years of economic crisis. DESIGN Cross-sectional cluster sample survey. SETTING Brazzaville, capital city of the Congo. SUBJECTS Information on socioeconomic(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies investigating the association between an infant and child feeding index (ICFI) and length-for-age were based on a cross-sectional design and on the assumption that data collected with brief recalls could provide information about more enduring processes. OBJECTIVES The objectives were to test the stability of the individual(More)
OBJECTIVE To demonstrate the effectiveness of the commercial introduction of red palm oil (RPO) as a source of vitamin A (VA) for mothers and children in a non-consuming area, as a dietary diversification strategy. DESIGN A pre-post intervention design (no control area) was used to assess changes in VA intake and status over a 24-month pilot project. (More)
We performed a national survey to determine the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension, one of the main cardiovascular risk factors, among the adult population in Tunisia. A total of 8007 adults aged 35-70 years were included in the study. Blood pressure (BP) measurements were taken by physicians with a mercury sphygmomanometer, and(More)