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OBJECTIVE To assess the nutritional status of Tunisian adolescents and associated factors. DESIGN A cross-sectional study based on a national stratified random cluster sample. SUBJECTS AND METHODS In all, 1,295 boys and 1,577 girls aged 15-19 years, of whom 28.4 % had already left school. Socio-economic characteristics of the parents, anthropometric(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the relative importance of socioeconomic and maternal/prenatal determinants of the nutritional situation of children < 6 years old in an urban African area after several years of economic crisis. DESIGN Cross-sectional cluster sample survey. SETTING Brazzaville, capital city of the Congo. SUBJECTS Information on socioeconomic(More)
F or someone interested in learning about obesity, Globesity: A planet out of control? is an excellent book to start with and, unless preparing for a doctorate thesis, possibly to finish with. The authors analyse obesity using a variety of approaches to give a detailed account of this frequently misunderstood phenomenon, which has in the past few decades(More)
OBJECTIVE To demonstrate the effectiveness of the commercial introduction of red palm oil (RPO) as a source of vitamin A (VA) for mothers and children in a non-consuming area, as a dietary diversification strategy. DESIGN A pre-post intervention design (no control area) was used to assess changes in VA intake and status over a 24-month pilot project. (More)
In 1996, the Government of the Republic of Congo launched a pilot project to improve the child growth and development component of primary healthcare. The present study was carried out (i) to explore perceptions and practices of mothers and health workers regarding child growth, health, and development, and (ii) to design culturally-appropriate tools to(More)
BACKGROUND The increase in the burden of chronic diseases linked to the nutrition transition and associated dietary and lifestyle changes is of growing concern in south and east Mediterranean countries and adolescents are at the forefront of these changes. This study assessed dietary intake and association with socio-economic factors and health outcomes(More)
BACKGROUND Migrant studies in France revealed that Mediterranean migrant men have lower mortality and morbidity than local-born populations for non-communicable diseases (NCDs). We studied overweight and NCDs among Tunisian migrants compared to the population of the host country and to the population of their country of origin. We also studied the potential(More)
INTRODUCTION Southern Mediterranean countries have experienced a marked increase in the prevalence of obesity whose consequences for gender related health inequities have been little studied. We assessed gender obesity inequalities and their environmental and socio-economic modifiers among Tunisian adults. METHODS Cross-sectional survey in 2005; national,(More)
Food insecurity is affecting an increasing number of urban poor in the developing world. Yet seasonal characteristics of food intakes have rarely been studied in West African cities. The objective of the present study was to assess the seasonality of the dietary dimension of household food security in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso). In 2007, two sets of data(More)
BACKGROUND In southern and eastern Mediterranean countries, changes in lifestyle and the increasing prevalence of excess weight in childhood are risk factors for high blood pressure (BP) during adolescence and adulthood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the BP status of Tunisian adolescents and to identify associated factors. METHODS A(More)