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The measurement of child feeding practices is complex and the relation between the quality of feeding and children's nutritional status is difficult to establish. We examined this relation in rural Burkina Faso, West Africa, using an adapted version of the Infant and Child Feeding Index (ICFI). A cross-sectional study was conducted on a random sample of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the nutritional status of Tunisian adolescents and associated factors. DESIGN A cross-sectional study based on a national stratified random cluster sample. SUBJECTS AND METHODS In all, 1,295 boys and 1,577 girls aged 15-19 years, of whom 28.4 % had already left school. Socio-economic characteristics of the parents, anthropometric(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop scores for food variety and diversity to assess the overall dietary quality in an African rural area; and to study their relationship with the nutritional status of women of childbearing age. DESIGN Cross-sectional. SETTING Sahelian rural area in the North-East Burkina Faso (West Africa). SUBJECTS A total of 691 mothers with(More)
In developing countries, dietary diversity is usually assessed during a single yearly period and the effects of seasonal variations remain unknown. We studied these variations in women living in a Sahelian rural area (Burkina Faso). A representative sample of 550 women was surveyed at the beginning and at the end of the seasonal cereal shortage in April and(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the relative importance of socioeconomic and maternal/prenatal determinants of the nutritional situation of children < 6 years old in an urban African area after several years of economic crisis. DESIGN Cross-sectional cluster sample survey. SETTING Brazzaville, capital city of the Congo. SUBJECTS Information on socioeconomic(More)
OBJECTIVE To demonstrate the effectiveness of the commercial introduction of red palm oil (RPO) as a source of vitamin A (VA) for mothers and children in a non-consuming area, as a dietary diversification strategy. DESIGN A pre-post intervention design (no control area) was used to assess changes in VA intake and status over a 24-month pilot project. (More)
F or someone interested in learning about obesity, Globesity: A planet out of control? is an excellent book to start with and, unless preparing for a doctorate thesis, possibly to finish with. The authors analyse obesity using a variety of approaches to give a detailed account of this frequently misunderstood phenomenon, which has in the past few decades(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components and to evaluate the relationship between this diagnosis and cardiovascular risk factors, demographic and socio-economic variables. DESIGN A cross-sectional study using a questionnaire including information on sociodemographic and CVD risk factors. Blood pressure,(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare dietary diversity scores measured over a 1-day and a 3-day period, and to assess their relationships with socio-economic characteristics and the nutritional status of rural African women. DESIGN A qualitative dietary recall allowed calculation of a dietary diversity score (DDS; number of food groups consumed out of a total of nine).(More)
OBJECTIVES To test the validity of a simple, rapid, field-adapted, portable hand-held impedancemeter (HHI) for the estimation of lean body mass (LBM) and percentage body fat (%BF) in African women, and to develop specific predictive equations. DESIGN Cross-sectional observational study. SETTINGS Dakar, the capital city of Senegal, West Africa. (More)