Francis Chrzanowski

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Surgical repair of aneurysms, traumatic injuries, or congenital anomalies of the thoracic aorta are associated with high morbidity and mortality mainly as a result of excessive and uncontrollable hemorrhage from diffuse coagulopathy. We developed a model in sheep that simulates this coagulopathic state for experimentation with thoracic aorta surgery. This(More)
BACKGROUND We hypothesized that induction of coagulopathy in sheep would model clinical needle hole and surgical bleeding from synthetic graft anastomoses, and that a new tissue bioadhesive (BioGlue) would control postoperative blood loss during surgical repair of the thoracic aorta. METHODS Sheep were anticoagulated with aspirin and heparin. A bypass was(More)
PURPOSE Dermal application of immunosuppressants can be an effective means of achieving site-specific immunosuppression (SITE) on skin allografts in burn wound management and in the treatment of various immune skin disorders. We have previously reported success with topical cyclosporine A (tCsA) in the treatment of skin allograft rejection in rats. Using a(More)
The pKa values for butaclamol (1), 1,2,3,5,6,10b beta-hexahydro-6 alpha-phenylpyrrolo[2,1-alpha]isoquinoline (2, McN-4612-Y), and 2-tert-butyl-1,3,4,6,7,11b beta-hexahydro-7 beta-phenyl-2H-benzo[alpha]quinolizin-2 alpha-ol (3, McN-4171) were determined to be 7.2, 9.1, and 7.0, respectively. The values for 1 and 3 are anomalous; however, the value for 1(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES To compare laparoscopic appendectomy with traditional open appendectomy. METHODS Seventy-one patients requiring operative intervention for suspected acute appendicitis were prospectively compared. Thirty-seven patients underwent laparoscopic appendectomy, and 34 had open appendectomy through a right lower quadrant incision.(More)
PURPOSE The goal of this study was to determine the efficacy of a single intraperitoneal administration of a chondroitin sulfate solution in preventing postoperative adhesion formation. METHODS. Twenty-five Sprague-Dawley rats had a 1-cm(2) area of cecal serosa abraded. Controls (CON, n = 5) received no treatment, the chondroitin sulfate group (CS, n = 10)(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy of concurrent preoperative cisplatin chemotherapy and radiotherapy (CT/RT) for patients with advanced head and neck cancer and cervical metastatic disease. DESIGN Retrospective analysis. SETTING University hospitals. PATIENTS Eighty-eight patients with operable stage III and IV squamous cell carcinoma of the head(More)
The cellular mechanisms by which topical cyclosporine A (tCsA) induces site-specific immunosuppression were investigated. Experiments were designed to elucidate how cyclosporine A (CsA) suppresses activated immunocytes in animals that are undergoing local alloactivation and concomitant tCsA immune suppression. Lewis rats received dual Lewis x Brown Norway(More)
The ability of multiple oblique illumination (MOI) and high-definition microscopy (Edge R-400 3-D microscope) to improve resolution of cellular detail in the evaluation of cytopathological specimens of Pap smears and thyroid fine-needle aspirates (FNAs) has been demonstrated. However, previous experiments showed that the advantages of MOI and(More)
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