Francis C. P. Law

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Eight pregnant rats were exposed, on the 17th day of gestation, for 95 min to a microcondensation aerosol of benzo[a]pyrene at five different atmospheric concentrations between 200 and 800 mg m-3 in a 'head-only' inhalation chamber. Five rats were killed immediately following the exposure and three were killed at 6 h post-dosing. Concentrations of the(More)
Groups of 12 male Wistar rats, of about 400 g body weight, were dosed with 2, 6, or 15 mg/kg of 14C-labeled pyrene, dissolved in acetone, applied to 4 cm2 of a shaved area of the mid back. Three animals in each dose group were killed at 1, 2, 4, and 6 d post-dosing, and their principal organs were removed and analyzed for pyrene and [14C]pyrene equivalents.(More)
1. Pyrene was administered i.p. as a single dose to trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Urine was collected continuously for 3 days and bile sampled at the end of this period. Pyrene metabolites in these biological fluids were identified by 1H-nmr spectrometry, glc-ms and hplc-ms. 2. 1-Hydroxypyrene was the major oxidation metabolite in the urine and bile. Small(More)
Groups of 6 male Wistar rats, of about 400 g body weight, were dosed with 14C-labeled pyrene, dissolved in an Emulphor/water solvent vehicle, at 5 different dose levels by the intravenous or oral routes. Appropriate mathematical models were fitted to blood concentration-time data for [14C]pyrene and pyrene per se and dose-trend analyses were carried out.(More)
Recent developments in cell culture techniques have made it possible to study the cellular mechanisms involved in carcinogenesis and to apply these methods as screening tools in vitro. This study investigated and compared the ability of the metals most commonly used in orthopedic implants to induce toxicity and neoplastic transformation in the C3H10T1/2(More)
The uptake, metabolism and persistence of racemic, d- and l-methadone were studied in the isolated perfused rabbit lung. The removal of the drug from the perfusate was resolved into two uptake processes (I1 and I2Y. The unidirectional flux of methadone from the perfusate into the lung was linear with respect to perfusate concentration, suggesting an uptake(More)
The objective of the present study was to develop a physiologically-based model to simulate the oral and i.v. pharmacokinetics of pyrene in the rat. The physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for pyrene consisted of the following tissue compartments: liver, lungs, adipose tissue, slowly perfused tissues, and richly perfused tissues(More)
A biologically based toxicokinetic model was developed to stimulate the metabolic disposition of pyrene in trout with an average body weight of 450 g and dosed with a single bolus injection of the chemical (10 mg/kg). The model consists of a membrane-limited muscle compartment and six flow-limited compartments including the gills, liver, gut, kidney,(More)
The toxicokinetics and bioavailability of [14C]paraquat were examined in rats which had received a single dose (11.6 micrograms/kg) of the herbicide by the iv, intragastric, dermal or pulmonary route. In the pulmonary route studies, rats were exposed to an aqueous solution or liquid aerosols of [14C]paraquat through a tracheal cannula or [14C]paraquat(More)