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1. Pyrene was administered i.p. as a single dose to trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Urine was collected continuously for 3 days and bile sampled at the end of this period. Pyrene metabolites in these biological fluids were identified by 1H-nmr spectrometry, glc-ms and hplc-ms. 2. 1-Hydroxypyrene was the major oxidation metabolite in the urine and bile. Small(More)
Recent developments in cell culture techniques have made it possible to study the cellular mechanisms involved in carcinogenesis and to apply these methods as screening tools in vitro. This study investigated and compared the ability of the metals most commonly used in orthopedic implants to induce toxicity and neoplastic transformation in the C3H10T1/2(More)
Groups of 12 male Wistar rats, of about 400 g body weight, were dosed with 2, 6, or 15 mg/kg of 14C-labeled pyrene, dissolved in acetone, applied to 4 cm2 of a shaved area of the mid back. Three animals in each dose group were killed at 1, 2, 4, and 6 d post-dosing, and their principal organs were removed and analyzed for pyrene and [14C]pyrene equivalents.(More)
The objective of the present study was to develop a physiologically-based model to simulate the oral and i.v. pharmacokinetics of pyrene in the rat. The physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for pyrene consisted of the following tissue compartments: liver, lungs, adipose tissue, slowly perfused tissues, and richly perfused tissues(More)
A biologically based toxicokinetic model was developed to stimulate the metabolic disposition of pyrene in trout with an average body weight of 450 g and dosed with a single bolus injection of the chemical (10 mg/kg). The model consists of a membrane-limited muscle compartment and six flow-limited compartments including the gills, liver, gut, kidney,(More)
The toxicokinetics and bioavailability of [14C]paraquat were examined in rats which had received a single dose (11.6 micrograms/kg) of the herbicide by the iv, intragastric, dermal or pulmonary route. In the pulmonary route studies, rats were exposed to an aqueous solution or liquid aerosols of [14C]paraquat through a tracheal cannula or [14C]paraquat(More)
ACAPHA, a botanical drug for the treatment of human esophageal cancer in China, is under investigation as a lung cancer chemoprevention agent at the BC Cancer Agency (Vancouver, BC, Canada). Little or no information is available on the pharmacokinetics of ACAPHA in animals. The objectives of this study were as follows: to examine the disposition kinetics of(More)
We have measured the activities of epoxide hydrase in microsomes and glutathione S-epoxidetransferase and glutathione S-aryltransferase in cytosol fractions of liver, lungs, kidneys, and small intestine from fetal and neonatal guinea pigs and rabbits. The rates at which adult values of these enzyme activities are reached in extrahepatic tissues differ from(More)
With 8-(14)C-styrene oxide as substrate, specific glutathione S-transferase and epoxide hydrase activities were determined in subcellular fractions of liver, lungs, kidney, and intestinal mucosa from rabbit, rat, and guinea pig. Liver had the highest enzyme activities in each species. Rat and guinea pig had higher glutathione S-transferase activity in both(More)
Eight pregnant rats were exposed, on the 17th day of gestation, for 95 min to a microcondensation aerosol of benzo[a]pyrene at five different atmospheric concentrations between 200 and 800 mg m-3 in a 'head-only' inhalation chamber. Five rats were killed immediately following the exposure and three were killed at 6 h post-dosing. Concentrations of the(More)