Francis C Cordova

Learn More
Several uncontrolled studies report improvement in lung function, gas exchange, and exercise capacity after bilateral lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS). We recruited 200 patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) for a prospective randomized trial of pulmonary rehabilitation versus bilateral LVRS with stapling resection of 20 to(More)
Postneumonectomy syndrome has only been described after a right pneumonectomy except in cases of congenital mediastinal anomalies or right-sided aortic arch. Placement of Silastic prostheses into the empty hemithorax is the preferred surgical treatment; however, other nonsurgical options exist. Herein, we report a case of left postpneumonectomy syndrome in(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To evaluate the long-term stability of improvements in exercise capacity and quality of life (QOL) after lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS). DESIGN Case-series analysis. SETTING University hospital. PATIENTS Twenty-six patients with severe airflow obstruction (mean FEV1 of 0.67+/-0.18 L) and moderate to severe hyperinflation (mean(More)
Free radical injury is believed to be important in diaphragm dysfunction. N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) is a potent free radical scavenger shown in animal models to attenuate diaphragm fatigue; however, its effects on human diaphragm function are unknown. We assessed diaphragm function by electrophrenic twitch stimulation (PdiT) and twitch occlusion (to yield(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To evaluate correlations between improvement in quality of life (QOL) in patients with severe COPD before and after they undergo lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) with changes in pulmonary function tests, gas exchange, exercise performance, and alterations in medical management. DESIGN Case-series analysis. SETTING University(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence and effect of atrial fibrillation or flutter (AF) after lung transplant are variable. An effect of pharmacologic treatment on outcomes is undetermined. METHODS One hundred thirty-seven consecutive lung or heart-lung transplant patients were reviewed retrospectively. Uni- and multivariate analyses were performed to determine(More)
Patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have varying degrees of hypercapnia. Recent studies have demonstrated inconsistent effects of lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) on PaCO2; however, most series have excluded patients with moderate to severe hypercapnia. In addition, no study has examined the mechanisms responsible for the(More)
Since lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) reduces end-expiratory lung volume, we hypothesized that it may improve diaphragm strength. We evaluated 37 patients for pulmonary rehabilitation and LVRS. Before and 8 wk after pulmonary rehabilitation, 24 patients had spirometry, lung volumes, diffusion capacity, incremental symptom limited maximum exercise test,(More)
Substantial information regarding the role of lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) in severe emphysema emanates from the National Emphysema Treatment Trial (NETT). The NETT was not a crossover trial and therefore was able to examine the effects of optimal medical management and LVRS on short- and long-term survival,as well as lung function, exercise(More)