Francis Butler

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Cronobacter species (formerly known as Enterobacter sakazakii) are opportunistic pathogens that can cause necrotizing enterocolitis, bacteraemia and meningitis, predominantly in neonates. Infection in these vulnerable infants has been linked to the consumption of contaminated powdered infant formula (PIF). Considerable research has been undertaken on this(More)
Salmonella Typhimurium is the predominant serotype isolated from humans in Europe. Pork and pork products are recognized vehicles of Salmonella and are responsible for outbreaks of human salmonellosis. Pigs can become infected with Salmonella on the breeding or fattening farm and during transport, lairage, and slaughter. The aim of this study was to(More)
This communication deals with the use of meta-analysis as a valuable tool for the synthesis of food safety research, and in quantitative risk assessment modelling. A common methodology for the conduction of meta-analysis (i.e., systematic review and data extraction, parameterisation of effect size, estimation of overall effect size, assessment of(More)
Since Escherichia coli O157:H7 first emerged as a food borne pathogen in the mid 1980s, it has been linked to many cases of food poisoning across the world. While multiple sources and routes of transmission for this pathogen are now recognised, beef and beef products remain an important vehicle of the pathogen and continue to be linked to outbreaks across(More)
During routine sampling of bulk raw milk on a dairy farm, the pathogenic bacteria Listeria monocytogenes was found to be a contaminant, at numbers < 100 cfu/ml. A strain with an indistinguishable pulsed-field gel electrophoresis pattern was isolated from the bulk milk two months later. Environmental swabs taken at the dairy environment were negative for the(More)
A second-order quantitative Monte Carlo simulation model was developed for Escherichia coli O157:H7 contamination of beef trimmings in Irish abattoirs. The assessment considers initial contamination levels, cross-contamination and decontamination events during the cattle slaughter process. The mean simulated prevalence of E. coli O157:H7 on trimmings was(More)
In the field of food safety, meta-analysis can be used to combine results of prevalence studies of pathogens at critical stages within the food processing chain so that policy makers can access reliable and concise information on the effectiveness of interventions for controlling and preventing foodborne illnesses in humans. The objective of this work was(More)
In previous work a deterministic model for the compartment level was built, taking into account the two different syndromes with which Salmonella Typhimurium appears at pig farms. Based on this model, a stochastic one was built in this work that simulated different compartmental sizes, taking into account compartments of 200 to 400 pigs. Multiple scenarios(More)
Guidelines on prudent antimicrobial use in veterinary medicine have been developed to reduce inappropriate prescribing of antimicrobials. Such guidelines focus mainly on the clinical and pharmacological indications for prescribing. A questionnaire study of veterinary surgeons engaged in cattle practice was completed to determine if non-clinical issues(More)
Early postmortem pH has been linked to meat tenderness, especially in electrical stimulation and/or rapid chilling applications. In order to evaluate factors that affect pH, a trial was carried out in which 96 lambs were slaughtered over a period of 12 months. Carcass traits including age, sex and weight were recorded and the pH of M. longissimus thoracis(More)