Francis Butler

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During routine sampling of bulk raw milk on a dairy farm, the pathogenic bacteria Listeria monocytogenes was found to be a contaminant, at numbers < 100 cfu/ml. A strain with an indistinguishable pulsed-field gel electrophoresis pattern was isolated from the bulk milk two months later. Environmental swabs taken at the dairy environment were negative for the(More)
Surface-ripened cheeses are matured by means of manual or mechanical technologies posing a risk of cross-contamination, if any cheeses are contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes. In predictive microbiology, primary models are used to describe microbial responses, such as growth rate over time and secondary models explain how those responses change with(More)
This peer-reviewed article was published immediately upon acceptance. It can be downloaded, printed and distributed freely for any purposes (see copyright notice below). which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Abstract During routine sampling of bulk raw milk on a dairy(More)
In modelling risk management strategies (i.e., within-lot batch testing, statistical process control), two basic assumptions have been normally made: that the true concentration of microorganisms are log-normally distributed within a batch, and that the variance of the samples is the same for a little or highly contaminated lot. These assumptions were(More)
2 3 Disclaimer This case study was prepared by a group of independent experts as a background paper for an FAO/WHO expert meeting. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations or the World Health Organization. The World Health Organization and the(More)
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