Francis Bolgert

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OBJECTIVE Probing consciousness in noncommunicating patients is a major medical and neuroscientific challenge. While standardized and expert behavioral assessment of patients constitutes a mandatory step, this clinical evaluation stage is often difficult and doubtful, and calls for complementary measures which may overcome its inherent limitations. Several(More)
We conducted a prospective controlled study of the clinical and biological determinants of the mental status abnormalities in 139 patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and 55 patients without GBS placed in the intensive care unit (ICU controls). There were mental status changes in 31% of GBS patients and in 16% of controls (odds ratio = 2.3; P =(More)
A patient with the sudden onset of a pure sensory deficit involving cortical modalities in his left hand and foot is described. CT scan suggested the lesion responsible for the deficit was a small cortical infarct in the middle cerebral artery territory, involving the middle part of the post-central gyrus and interrupting thalamo-cortical pathways in the(More)
Improving our ability to detect conscious processing in non communicating patients remains a major goal of clinical cognitive neurosciences. In this perspective, several functional brain imaging tools are currently under development. Bedside cognitive event-related potentials (ERPs) derived from the EEG signal are a good candidate to explore consciousness(More)
BACKGROUND Comatose state is a major cause for admission to the intensive care unit. The most commonly used assessment score is the Glasgow coma scale (GCS). Although widely accepted, this score has several limitations. Recently, the full outline of unresponsiveness score (FOUR) has been validated and tested as reliable as the GCS. METHODS We translated(More)
BACKGROUND Combined methylmalonic aciduria and homocystinuria cobalamin C type (cobalamin C disease) is an inborn metabolic disorder consisting of an impaired intracellular synthesis of the 2 active forms of vitamin B12 (cobalamin), namely, adenosylcobalamin and methylcobalamin, that results in increased levels of methylmalonic acid and homocysteine in the(More)
This study is to present a psychopathological analysis of complex hallucinatory symptoms--without consciousness breaking up in confusional state--occurring in patients with acute Guillain-Barré's syndrome diagnosis requiring neurological intensive care. Finally the patients experience an unitary and closed situation "close to dream without being dream".(More)
© 2016 All authors. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the(More)
Brain potentials were recorded in a prosopagnosic patient, in response to familiar and unfamiliar faces he was asked to recognize. The amplitude of the P300 component was found to be an inverse function of probability for each category of faces despite the patient's inability to consciously recognize the familiarity of these faces. In addition, P300 latency(More)
We studied the brains of three patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), all of whom developed subacutely progressive dementia unassociated with opportunistic infection or neoplasm in the central nervous system. Computed tomographic (CT) scans of the head revealed cortical atrophy, ventricular dilation, and diffuse hypodensity of the centrum(More)