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10 out of 17 (59%) patients with tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP) had antibodies to human T-lymphotropic virus-I (HTLV-I), as did 5 out of 5 TSP patients with systemic symptoms. Only 13 out of 303 (4%) controls, made up of blood donors, medical personnel, and other neurological patients, had such antibodies. These findings suggest either that HTLV-I is(More)
At least 10 different genetic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) subtypes (A-J) are responsible for the AIDS pandemic. Much of the understanding of HIV-1 disease progression derives from studies in the developed world where HIV infection is almost exclusively subtype B. This has led many to question whether the properties and consequences of HIV-1(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is currently assessed by detection of antibodies to HCV with immunoassays. However, in the absence of an in vitro system to isolate the virus, or an immunoassay to identify HCV antigen in blood, an ongoing acute or chronic HCV infection can be diagnosed only by detection of HCV RNA by polymerase chain reaction. We used a(More)
Brain synaptosomal membranes were prepared from rats sacrificed 18 hr after a single intragastric dose of water or of ethanol (100 mmol/kg), when blood ethanol had fallen almost to zero. Fluorescence polarization of DPH, and (Na+ + K+)ATPase activity, were studied in these membranes in the presence of 0, 0.175, 0.3 or 0.7 M ethanol in vitro. After in vivo(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiology of HCV infection among drug users (DUs) has been widely studied. Prevalence and sociobehavioural data among DUs are therefore available in most countries but no study has taken into account in the sampling weights one important aspect of the way of life of DUs, namely that they can use one or more specialized services during the(More)
We investigated whether V3-binding assays might be useful to analyze human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) variants in different geographic regions. We showed that strong cross-reactivity between subtype-specific V3 peptides is almost inevitable in standard indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (EIA), impairing precise serological subtyping. We(More)
New systems of surveillance to better monitor the dynamics of HIV are needed. A national surveillance of new HIV diagnoses which included the collection of dried serum spots (DSS) to identify recent infections (<6 months) using an EIA-RI assay was implemented in 2003 in France. The collection of DSS is based on the voluntary participation by both patients(More)
An increase in the number of new HIV diagnoses among men who have sex with men (MSM) has been observed in several countries in the early 2000s. In this article, we explore the trends in MSM in France between 2003 and 2008. To estimate the number of MSM newly diagnosed with HIV, we take into account the reporting delay, underreporting and missing data for(More)
BACKGROUND People who use drugs (PWUDs) are at a high risk for hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), but they have different characteristics depending on the local context. In France, seroprevalence, sociodemographic, and behavior information have only been studied at a national level rather than at a local level. The aim of this(More)