Francis Barillet

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In this paper, we present recent advances in the molecular dissection of complex traits in dairy sheep and discuss their possible impact on breeding schemes. In the first step, we review the literature data on genetic polymorphisms and the effects of sheep alphas1-casein and beta-lactoglobulin loci. It is concluded that the results are rather inconsistent(More)
Scrapie is a fatal, neurodegenerative disease of sheep and goats. It is also the earliest known member in the family of diseases classified as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE) or prion diseases, which includes Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans, bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), and chronic wasting disease in cervids. The recent(More)
We compared the glycoform pattern of the abnormal prion protein (PrP(Sc)) detected by immunoblotting in 21 sheep with natural scrapie, from 21 different outbreaks identified in France since 1996, with a bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)-infected sheep. All the natural scrapie isolates had a higher molecular mass of the unglycosylated PrP(Sc) than in(More)
Genetic analysis for mastitis resistance was studied from two data sets. Firstly, risk factors for different mastitis traits, i.e. culling due to clinical or chronic mastitis and subclinical mastitis predicted from somatic cell count (SCC), were explored using data from 957 first lactation Lacaune ewes of an experimental INRA flock composed of two divergent(More)
Genetic parameters for dairy traits in first lactation (milk yield, fat and protein yields, fat and protein contents) were estimated from records of 1487 Lacaune ewe lambs born from 102 young rams undergoing progeny test and 74 proven rams. Variance and covariance components were estimated by H ENDERSON ' S methods I and III. According to the analysis,(More)
In this study, the potential association of PrP genotypes with health and productive traits was investigated. Data were recorded on animals of the INRA 401 breed from the Bourges-La Sapinière INRA experimental farm. The population consisted of 30 rams and 852 ewes, which produced 1310 lambs. The animals were categorized into three PrP genotype classes: ARR(More)
Because of the confounding effects of long incubation duration and flock management, accurate epidemiological studies of scrapie outbreaks are difficult to carry out. In this study, 641 Manech red-faced sheep from six scrapie-affected field flocks in Pyrénées Atlantiques, France, were monitored for clinical scrapie over a 6-9 year period. Over this period,(More)
— Genetic parameters for dairy traits in first lactation (milk yield, fat and protein yields, fat and protein contents) were estimated by restricted maximum likelihood in the Alpine and Saanen goat breeds from records including progeny of 473 and 238 unproven bucks respectively, mainly used in natural mating. The differences between breeds could also(More)
Previously, Multimer Detection System (MDS) detected scrapie infected lambs of 8 mo age at pre-clinical stage in comparison with the normal controls. Above lamb were born from scrapie infected parent sheep (VRQ/VRQ). Here, MDS was challenged twice blindly with scrapie sheep blood samples from pre-clinical stages. These sheep showed no symptoms and they died(More)
Small ruminant post-mortem testing programs were initially designed for monitoring the prevalence of prion disease. They are now considered as a potential alternative to genetic selection for eradicating/controlling classical scrapie at population level. If such policy should be implemented, its success would be crucially dependent on the efficiency of the(More)