Francis Barillet

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In sheep, susceptibility to scrapie is mainly influenced by polymorphisms of the PrP gene. In goats, there are to date few data related to scrapie susceptibility association with PrP gene polymorphisms. In this study, we first investigated PrP gene polymorphisms of the French Alpine and Saanen breeds. Based on PrP gene open reading frame sequencing of(More)
Records from 94,445 and 45,499 French Lacaune dairy ewes in first and second lactations, respectively, were used to estimate genetic parameters for somatic cell scores. Somatic cell count data came from an extensive recording scheme and sample testing that began in 1999 using the flocks enrolled in the official milk recording system. Somatic cell count data(More)
1 Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Station d’Amélioration Génétique des Animaux, Centre de Recherches de Toulouse, BP 27, 31326 Castanet Cedex, France; 2 Insdtut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Station de Génétique Quantitative et Appliquée, Centre de Recherches de Jouy, 78350 Jouy-en-Josas, France; 3 Association Nationale de Génétique(More)
Genetic analysis for mastitis resistance was studied from two data sets. Firstly, risk factors for different mastitis traits, i.e. culling due to clinical or chronic mastitis and subclinical mastitis predicted from somatic cell count (SCC), were explored using data from 957 first lactation Lacaune ewes of an experimental INRA flock composed of two divergent(More)
rams was totally or partially used for estimating fixed effects, or was excluded. Results appeared similar to the average literature data for dairy cows, except the correlation between fat and protein contents, which was rather high (0.8). The genetic standard deviation of fat was larger than that of protein, the ratio being about 1.3 for yields and 1.85(More)
In this paper, we present recent advances in the molecular dissection of complex traits in dairy sheep and discuss their possible impact on breeding schemes. In the first step, we review the literature data on genetic polymorphisms and the effects of sheep αs1-casein and β-lactoglobulin loci. It is concluded that the results are rather inconsistent and(More)
Scrapie is a fatal, neurodegenerative disease of sheep and goats. It is also the earliest known member in the family of diseases classified as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE) or prion diseases, which includes Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans, bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), and chronic wasting disease in cervids. The recent(More)
The PrP gene polymorphisms at codons 142 (I/M), 154 (R/H), 211 (R/Q), 222 (Q/K) and 240 (S/P) and their association with susceptibility to classical scrapie infection were investigated in five French goat herds displaying a high disease prevalence (>10%). On the basis of PrP(Sc) detection in the central nervous system and in various lymphoid tissues, 301 of(More)
In this study, the potential association of PrP genotypes with health and productive traits was investigated. Data were recorded on animals of the INRA 401 breed from the Bourges-La Sapinière INRA experimental farm. The population consisted of 30 rams and 852 ewes, which produced 1310 lambs. The animals were categorized into three PrP genotype classes: ARR(More)
In this study, the potential association of PrP genotypes with ewe reproductive traits and lamb growth traits was investigated. Data were included on ewes and lambs of the INRA 401 breed from the Bourges-La Sapinière INRA experimental farm. This breed was chosen because of good breeding (prolificacy and maternal abilities) and carcass qualities, and the(More)