Francis A. Walker

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Diflavin reductases are enzymes which emerged as a gene fusion of ferredoxin (flavodoxin) reductase and flavodoxin. The enzymes of this family tightly bind two flavin cofactors, FAD and FMN, and catalyze transfer of the reducing equivalents from the two-electron donor NADPH to a variety of one-electron acceptors. Cytochrome P450 reductase (P450R), a(More)
Reversible cyclic voltammetry of recombinant rat outer membrane (OM) cytochrome b5 was observed at a gold electrode modified with beta-mercaptopropionic acid. Electron transfer between the negative electrode surface and the negatively charged OM cytochrome b5 was promoted by the addition of divalent metal ions such as Mg2+ or Ca2+ and by the positively(More)
Nitrophorins 1-4 (NP1-4) are ferriheme proteins from the blood-sucking insect Rhodnius prolixus that transport nitric oxide (NO) to the victim, sequester histamine, and inhibit blood coagulation. Here, we report kinetic and thermodynamic analyses for ligand binding by all four proteins and their reduction potentials. All four undergo biphasic association(More)
Nitrophorins (NPs) are a group of NO-carrying heme proteins found in the saliva of a blood-sucking insect from tropical Central and South America, Rhodnius prolixus, the "kissing bug". NO is kept stable for long periods of time by binding it as an axial ligand to a ferriheme center. The fact that the nitrophorins are stabilized as Fe(III)-NO proteins is a(More)
CYP102A1 is a highly active water-soluble bacterial monooxygenase that contains both substrate-binding heme and diflavin reductase subunits, all in a single polypeptide that has been called a “self-sufficient enzyme.” Several years ago we developed a procedure called “scanning chimeragenesis,” where we focused on residues 73–82 of CYP102A1, which contact(More)
The nitrophorins are a family of proteins that use ferric heme to transport nitric oxide (NO) from the salivary glands of blood-sucking insects to their victims, resulting in vasodilation and reduced blood coagulation. We have refined atomic resolution structures of nitrophorin 4 (NP4) from Rhodnius prolixus complexed with NO (1.08 A) and NH(3) (1.15 A),(More)
Nitrophorins are NO carrier proteins that transport and release NO through a pH-dependent conformational change. They bind NO tightly in a low pH environment and release it in a higher pH environment. Experimental evidence shows that the increase in the NO dissociation equilibrium constant, K(d), is due mainly to an increase in the NO release rate.(More)
The 1H NMR chemical shifts of the heme methyl groups of the ferriheme complex of metneuroglobin (Du et al. in J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125:8080–8081, 2003) predict orientations of the axial histidine ligands (Shokhirev and Walker in J. Biol. Inorg. Chem. 3:581–594, 1998) that are not consistent with the X-ray data (Vallone et al. in Proteins Struct. Funct. Bioinf.(More)