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Tiam1 encodes an exchange factor for the Rho-like guanosine triphosphatase Rac. Both Tiam1 and activated RacV12 promote invasiveness of T lymphoma cells. In epithelial Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells, Tiam1 localized to adherens junctions. Ectopic expression of Tiam1 or RacV12 inhibited hepatocyte growth factor-induced scattering by increasing(More)
Rho-like GTPases have been implicated in the regulation of the actin cytoskeleton which controls the morphology, adhesion and motility of cells. Like Ras proteins, they become activated when bound GDP is exchanged for GTP, a process catalysed by GDP-dissociation stimulator (GDS) proteins. Several GDS proteins specific for Rho-like GTPases have been(More)
Rho-like GTPases orchestrate distinct cytoskeletal changes in response to receptor stimulation. Invasion of T-lymphoma cells into a fibroblast monolayer is induced by Tiam1, an activator of the Rho-like GTPase Rac, and by constitutively active V12Rac1. Here we show that activated V12Cdc42 can also induce invasion of T-lymphoma cells. Activated RhoA(More)
The Rho-like GTPases Cdc42, Rac, and Rho play key roles in the regulation of the actin cytoskeleton and are implicated in transcriptional activation and cell transformation. We have previously identified the invasion-inducing Tiam1 gene, which encodes an activator of Rac. In fibroblasts, Tiam1 induces Rac-mediated membrane ruffling, which requires the(More)
The expression of several trypanosome surface antigen genes proceeds by duplication of a basic copy (BC) of the gene and transposition of the expression-linked copy (ELC) into an expression site. This site, which seems to be the same for different genes of the same repertoire, is located near a chromosome end. In the AnTat 1.1 antigen gene expression site,(More)
Two plasmids, pLAB1000 and pLAB2000 (3.3 and 9.1 kb, respectively), have been isolated from a grass silage strain of Lactobacillus hilgardii. Both plasmids were cloned in Escherichia coli and characterized through restriction mapping. A 1.6-kb XbaI-SacI fragment of pLAB1000 appeared to be sufficient for autonomous replication in Lactobacillus plantarum and(More)
Rho-like GTPases, including Cdc42, Rac1, and RhoA, regulate distinct actin cytoskeleton changes required for adhesion, migration, and invasion of cells. Tiam1 specifically activates Rac, and earlier studies have demonstrated that Tiam1-Rac signaling affects migration and invasion in a cell type- and cell substrate-specific manner. In the present study, we(More)
A commercial grass silage starter strain of Lactobacillus plantarum was transformed by high-frequency electroporation with plasmids containing an alpha-amylase gene from Bacillus stearothermophilus and an endoglucanase gene from Clostridium thermocellum. Both genes were expressed from their native regulatory signals, and active enzymes were found in the(More)