Francine Kauffmann

Learn More
AIMS AND METHODS Long term effects of air pollution on mortality were studied in 14,284 adults who resided in 24 areas from seven French cities when enrolled in the PAARC survey (air pollution and chronic respiratory diseases) in 1974. Daily measurements of sulphur dioxide, total suspended particles, black smoke, nitrogen dioxide, and nitric oxide were made(More)
RATIONALE It has been shown that country living protects against asthma, which may be explained by microbial exposures. OBJECTIVES To study whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in CD14 and Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2, TLR4 and TLR9 genes are associated with asthma in adults, and whether these SNPs modify associations between country living and(More)
BACKGROUND Short-term exposure to air pollution has adverse effects among patients with asthma, but whether long-term exposure to air pollution is a cause of adult-onset asthma is unclear. OBJECTIVE We aimed to investigate the association between air pollution and adult onset asthma. METHODS Asthma incidence was prospectively assessed in six European(More)
Allergic diseases represent a major health problem in Europe. They are increasing in prevalence, severity and costs. The Global Allergy and Asthma European Network (GA(2)LEN), a Sixth EU Framework Program for Research and Technological Development (FP6) Network of Excellence, was created in 2005 as a vehicle to ensure excellence in research bringing(More)
Asthma is a global health problem affecting around 300 million individuals of all ages, ethnic groups and countries. It is estimated that around 250,000 people die prematurely each year as a result of asthma. Concepts of asthma severity and control are important in evaluating patients and their response to treatment, as well as for public health,(More)
To assess maturation of the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) and sleep states, Heart Rate Variability (HRV) was studied in 24 healthy sleeping newborns, aged from 31 to 41 weeks, conceptional age (CA). Spectral analysis of the interbeat interval (RR) signal, was performed by Short-Time Fourier Transform, in three frequency bands: high (HF), of purely vagal(More)
The role of smoking as potential risk factor, selection factor ("healthy smoker" effect) and modifying factor (severity) of asthma was studied in the Epidemiological study on the Genetics and Environment of Asthma, bronchial hyperresponsiveness and atopy (EGEA). The analysis involved 200 adult asthmatic cases recruited in chest clinics, 265 nonasthmatic(More)
Discordant results have been observed regarding the associations of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases with secretor, Lewis, and ABO histo-blood groups, which are defined by glycosyltransferases. These enzymes build up oligosaccharide structures that play a role in the adhesion of environmental factors to epithelial cells. The objectives of the present(More)