Francine E. Wincott

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Improvements in the synthesis, deprotection and purification of oligoribonucleotides are described. These advances allow for reduced synthesis and deprotection times, while improving product yield. Coupling times are reduced by half using 5-ethylthio-1H-tetrazole (S-ethyltetrazole) as the activator. Base and 2'-O-t-butyldimethylsilyl deprotection with(More)
Expression of the proto-oncogene c-myb is necessary for proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells. We have developed synthetic hammerhead ribozymes that recognize and cleave c-myb RNA, thereby inhibiting cell proliferation. Herein, we describe a method for the selection of hammerhead ribozyme cleavage sites and optimization of chemical modifications(More)
Chemically stabilized hammerhead ribozymes are nuclease-resistant, RNA-based oligonucleotides that selectively bind and cleave specific target RNAs. Due to their potential for specifically inhibiting gene expression, ribozymes are being investigated for therapeutic applications as well as for the elucidation of gene function. In particular, we have(More)
To probe the mechanism of gas-phase oligonucleotide ion fragmentation, modified oligonucleotides were studied using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization. The oligonucleotides were of the form 5'-TTTTXTTTTT, where X was a modified nucleotide. Modifications included substitution of hydroxy, methoxy, amino, and allyl groups at the 2'-position of the(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a growth factor that contributes to the angiogenesis of developing tumors. To interfere with the action of VEGF, a nuclease-stabilized ribozyme, ANGIOZYME, has been developed against VEGF receptor subtype Flt-1 mRNA. To determine which routes of administration would be useful for systemic delivery of this(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors Flt-1 and KDR play important roles in physiological and pathological angiogenesis. Ribozymes that target the VEGF receptor mRNAs were developed and their biological activities in cell culture and an animal model were assessed. Ribozymes targeting Flt-1 or KDR mRNA sites reduced VEGF-induced(More)
Proliferation of injured smooth muscle cells contributes to the reocclusion or restenosis of coronary arteries that often occurs following angioplasty procedures. We have identified and optimized nuclease-resistant ribozymes that efficiently cleave c-myb RNA. Three ribozymes targeting different sites in the c-myb mRNA were synthesized chemically and(More)
The RNA strand in an RNA/DNA duplex with unpaired ribonucleotides can undergo self-cleavage at bulge sites in the presence of a variety of divalent metal ions (Hüsken et al., Biochemistry, 1996, 35:16591-16600). Transesterification proceeds via an in-line mechanism, with the 2'-OH of the bulged nucleotide attacking the 3'-adjacent phosphate group. The(More)
The hammerhead ribozyme is capable of cleaving RNA substrates at 5' UX 3' sequences (where the cleavage site, X, can be A, C, or U). Hammerhead complexes containing dC, dA, dI, or rG nucleotides at the cleavage site have been studied by NMR. The rG at the cleavage site forms a Watson-Crick base pair with C3 in the conserved core of the hammerhead,(More)
Catalytic RNA molecules, or ribozymes, have generated significant interest as potential therapeutic agents for controlling gene expression. Although ribozymes have been shown to work in vitro and in cellular assays, there are no reports that demonstrate the efficacy of synthetic, stabilized ribozymes delivered in vivo. We are currently utilizing the rabbit(More)