Francine Acher

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Developing nondopaminergic palliative treatments for Parkinson's disease represents a major challenge to avoid the debilitating side effects produced by L-DOPA therapy. Increasing interest is addressed to the selective targeting of group III metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors that inhibit transmitter release at presumably overactive synapses in the(More)
The metabotropic glutamate receptors are GTP-binding-protein (G-protein) coupled receptors that play important roles in regulating the activity of many synapses in the central nervous system. As such, these receptors are involved in a wide number of physiological and pathological processes. Within the last few years, new potent and selective agonists and(More)
The "receiver operating characteristic" (ROC) curve method is a well-recognized metric used as an objective way to evaluate the ability of a given test to discriminate between two populations. This facilitates decision-making in a plethora of fields in which a wrong judgment may have serious consequences including clinical diagnosis, public safety, travel(More)
Although agonists bind directly in the heptahelical domain (HD) of most class-I rhodopsin-like G protein coupled receptors (GPCRs), class-III agonists bind in the extracellular domain of their receptors. Indeed, the latter possess a large extracellular domain composed of a cysteine-rich domain and a Venus flytrap module. Both the low sequence homology and(More)
The four stereoisomers of 1-aminocyclopentane-1,3,4-tricarboxylic acid {ACPT-I (18) and -II (19), (3R, 4R)-III [(-)-20], and (3S,4S)-III [(+)-20]} have been synthesized and evaluated for their effects at glutamate receptors subtypes. ACPTs are ACPD analogues in which a third carboxylic group has been added at position 4 in the cyclopentane ring. None of the(More)
Drugs activating group III metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) represent therapeutic alternatives to L-DOPA (L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine) for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). Their presynaptic location at GABAergic and glutamatergic synapses within basal ganglia nuclei provide a critical target to reduce abnormal activities associated with(More)
Metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors are promising targets to treat numerous brain disorders. So far, allosteric modulators are the only subtype selective ligands, but pure agonists still have strong therapeutic potential. Here, we aimed at investigating the possibility of developing subtype-selective agonists by extending the glutamate-like structure to(More)
The metabotropic glutamate receptors are G-protein coupled receptors (GPCR) involved in the regulation of many synapses, including most glutamatergic fast excitatory synapses. Eight subtypes have been identified that can be classified into three groups. The molecular characterization of these receptors revealed proteins much more complex than any other(More)
A motif foramino acid recognition by proteins or domains of the periplasmic binding protein-like I superfamily has been identified. An initial pattern of 5 residues was based on a multiple sequence alignment of selected proteins of that fold family and on common structural features observed in the crystal structure of some members of the family [leucine(More)
The gamma-aminobutyric acid, type B (GABA(B)) receptor is well recognized as being composed of two subunits, GABA(B1) and GABA(B2). Both subunits share structural homology with other class-III G-protein-coupled receptors. They are composed of two main domains: a heptahelical domain (HD) typical of all G-protein-coupled receptors and a large extracellular(More)