Learn More
Developing nondopaminergic palliative treatments for Parkinson's disease represents a major challenge to avoid the debilitating side effects produced by L-DOPA therapy. Increasing interest is addressed to the selective targeting of group III metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors that inhibit transmitter release at presumably overactive synapses in the(More)
Although agonists bind directly in the heptahelical domain (HD) of most class-I rhodopsin-like G protein coupled receptors (GPCRs), class-III agonists bind in the extracellular domain of their receptors. Indeed, the latter possess a large extracellular domain composed of a cysteine-rich domain and a Venus flytrap module. Both the low sequence homology and(More)
The metabotropic glutamate receptors are G-protein coupled receptors (GPCR) involved in the regulation of many synapses, including most glutamatergic fast excitatory synapses. Eight subtypes have been identified that can be classified into three groups. The molecular characterization of these receptors revealed proteins much more complex than any other(More)
Drugs activating group III metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) represent therapeutic alternatives to L-DOPA (L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine) for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). Their presynaptic location at GABAergic and glutamatergic synapses within basal ganglia nuclei provide a critical target to reduce abnormal activities associated with(More)
The four stereoisomers of 1-aminocyclopentane-1,3,4-tricarboxylic acid {ACPT-I (18) and -II (19), (3R, 4R)-III [(-)-20], and (3S,4S)-III [(+)-20]} have been synthesized and evaluated for their effects at glutamate receptors subtypes. ACPTs are ACPD analogues in which a third carboxylic group has been added at position 4 in the cyclopentane ring. None of the(More)
The identification of the chemical structure of an odorant by the vertebrate olfactory system is thought to occur through the combinatorial activity from multiple receptors, each tuned to recognize different chemical features. What are the molecular determinants underlying the selectivity of individual odorant receptors for their cognate ligands? To address(More)
Metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors are promising targets to treat numerous brain disorders. So far, allosteric modulators are the only subtype selective ligands, but pure agonists still have strong therapeutic potential. Here, we aimed at investigating the possibility of developing subtype-selective agonists by extending the glutamate-like structure to(More)
(R)-PCEP (3-amino-3-carboxypropyl-2'-carboxyethyl phosphinic acid, 1), a new metabotropic glutamate receptor 4 (mGlu4R) agonist, was discovered in a previously reported virtual screening. The (S)-enantiomer and a series of derivatives were synthesized and tested on recombinant mGlu4 receptors. A large number of derivatives activated this receptor but was(More)
Alterations of striatal synaptic transmission have been associated with several motor disorders involving the basal ganglia, such as Parkinson's disease. For this reason, we investigated the role of group-III metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors in regulating synaptic transmission in the striatum by electrophysiological recordings and by using our novel(More)
Ca2+, pheromones, sweet taste compounds, and the main neurotransmitters glutamate and gamma-aminobutyric acid activate G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) that constitute the GPCR family 3. These receptors are dimers, and each subunit has a large extracellular domain called a Venus flytrap module (VFTM), where agonists bind. This module is connected to a(More)