Francie A. Yarber

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Stimulation of lacrimal acini with secretagogues such as carbachol initiates movement and fusion of acinar secretory vesicles with the apical plasma membrane, resulting in release of protein into the nascent tear fluid. Using rabbit lacrimal acini reconstituted in vitro from isolated cells, we have investigated the organization of the apical cytoskeleton(More)
The acinar epithelial cells of the lacrimal gland exocytose the contents of mature secretory vesicles containing tear proteins at their apical membranes in response to secretagogues. Here we use time-lapse confocal fluorescence microscopy and fluorescence recovery after photobleaching to investigate the changes in actin filaments located beneath the apical(More)
A major function of the acinar cells of the lacrimal gland is the production and stimulated release of tear proteins into ocular surface fluid. We investigate the participation of cytoplasmic dynein in carbachol-stimulated traffic to the apical plasma membrane in primary rabbit lacrimal acinar epithelial cells. Confocal fluorescence microscopy revealed a(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the intracellular trafficking and release pathways for the therapeutic protein, viral IL-10 (vIL-10), from transduced acinar epithelial cells from rabbit lacrimal gland. Primary cultured rabbit lacrimal gland acinar cells (LGACs) were transduced with adenovirus serotype 5 containing viral interleukin-10 (AdvIL-10).(More)
PURPOSE To further understand the regulation of microtubules and their function in the lacrimal gland, we investigated the effects of two serine/threonine phosphatase inhibitors, okadaic acid (300 nM-1 microM) and calyculin A (20-100 nM), on microtubules and stimulated secretion in lacrimal acini. METHODS Primary rabbit lacrimal acini cultured for two(More)
PURPOSE To determine the potential for aerosolization of infectious virus present within the tear film during excimer laser photoablation of the cornea. METHODS Cell monolayers infected with herpes simplex virus or adenovirus, simulating virus-infected corneas, were ablated with the 193-nm excimer laser. Adjacent dishes containing noninfected cell(More)
In this article, we investigate the contributions of actin filaments and accessory proteins to apical clathrin-mediated endocytosis in primary rabbit lacrimal acini. Confocal fluorescence and electron microscopy revealed that cytochalasin D promoted apical accumulation of clathrin, alpha-adaptin, dynamin, and F-actin and increased the amounts of coated pits(More)
Although taxol inhibits membrane trafficking, the nature of this inhibition has not been well defined. In this study, we define the effects of taxol on endocytosis in CV-1 cells using density gradient centrifugation of membranes over sorbitol density gradients. After taxol treatment, resident endosomal enzymes and the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor(More)
Although adenovirus (Ad) exhibits tropism for epithelial cells, little is known about the cellular effects of adenoviral binding and internalization on epithelial functions. Here, we examine its effects on the secretory acinar epithelial cells of the lacrimal gland, responsible for stimulated release of tear proteins into ocular fluid. Exposure of(More)
We investigated the involvement of PKC-epsilon in apical actin remodeling in carbachol-stimulated exocytosis in reconstituted rabbit lacrimal acinar cells. Lacrimal acinar PKC-epsilon cosedimented with actin filaments in an actin filament binding assay. Stimulation of acini with carbachol (100 microM, 2-15 min) significantly (P < or = 0.05) increased(More)