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The role of calcium ions in the regulation of tissue transglutaminase is investigated by experimental approaches and computer modeling. A three-dimensional model of the transglutaminase is computed by homology building on crystallized human factor XIII and is used to interpret structural and functional results. The molecule is a prolate ellipsoid (6.2 x 4.2(More)
Small-angle neutron and x-ray scattering experiments have been performed on type 2 tissular transglutaminase to characterize the conformational changes that bring about Ca(2+) activation and guanosine triphosphate (GTP) inhibition. The native and a proteolyzed form of the enzyme, in the presence and in the absence of the two effectors, were considered. To(More)
The description of the fibrillogenesis pathway and the identification of "on-pathway" or "off-pathway" intermediates are key issues in amyloid research as they are concerned with the mechanism for onset of certain diseases and with therapeutic treatments. Recent results on the fibril formation process revealed an unexpected complexity both in the number and(More)
The list of main models available in the current version of GENFIT is reported hereafter. Each model is briefly described and labeled with its number µ, enclosed in brackets, reflecting the historical order of the models integrated into GENFIT. There are other models in GENFIT that are not listed hereafter. Actually, on the one hand these models are very(More)
To solve details of the self-assembling process of guanosine in diluted aqueous solution and to derive a thermodynamical model for quadruplex formation, the structural behavior of deoxyguanosine 5'-monophosphate has been analyzed by in-solution small angle X-ray scattering. The experiments have been performed as a function of guanosine concentration and at(More)
The surface of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) storage granules in bacteria is covered mainly by proteins referred to as phasins. The layer of phasins stabilizes the granules and prevents coalescence of separated granules in the cytoplasm and nonspecific binding of other proteins to the hydrophobic surfaces of the granules. Phasin PhaP1(Reu) is the major surface(More)
The ferricytochrome-c (cyt-c) shows a complex unfolding pathway characterized by a series of stable partially folded states. When titrated with HCl at low ionic strength, two transitions are detected. At pH 2, cyt-c assumes the U1 unfolded state, whereas the successive addition of Cl(-) ion from either HCl or NaCl induces the recompaction to a molten(More)
Tissue transglutaminase undergoes thermal inactivation with first-order kinetics at moderate temperatures, in a process which is affected in opposite way by the regulatory ligands calcium and GTP, which stabilize different conformations. We have explored the processes of inactivation and of unfolding of transglutaminase and the effects of ligands thereon,(More)
Activation of tissue transglutaminase by calcium involves a conformational change which allows exposition of the active site to the substrate via movements of domains 3 and 4 that lead to an increase of the inter-domain distance. The inhibitor GTP counteracts these changes. Here we investigate the possible existence of non-native conformational states still(More)
Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and elastic and quasi-elastic neutron scattering techniques were used to investigate the high-pressure-induced changes on interactions, the low-resolution structure and the dynamics of lysozyme in solution. SAXS data, analysed using a global-fit procedure based on a new approach for hydrated protein form factor(More)