Francesco Spinozzi

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The role of calcium ions in the regulation of tissue transglutaminase is investigated by experimental approaches and computer modeling. A three-dimensional model of the transglutaminase is computed by homology building on crystallized human factor XIII and is used to interpret structural and functional results. The molecule is a prolate ellipsoid (6.2 x 4.2(More)
Small-angle neutron and x-ray scattering experiments have been performed on type 2 tissular transglutaminase to characterize the conformational changes that bring about Ca(2+) activation and guanosine triphosphate (GTP) inhibition. The native and a proteolyzed form of the enzyme, in the presence and in the absence of the two effectors, were considered. To(More)
The surface of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) storage granules in bacteria is covered mainly by proteins referred to as phasins. The layer of phasins stabilizes the granules and prevents coalescence of separated granules in the cytoplasm and nonspecific binding of other proteins to the hydrophobic surfaces of the granules. Phasin PhaP1(Reu) is the major surface(More)
The list of main models available in the current version of GENFIT is reported hereafter. Each model is briefly described and labeled with its number μ, enclosed in brackets, reflecting the historical order of the models integrated into GENFIT. There are other models in GENFIT that are not listed hereafter. Actually, on the one hand these models are very(More)
The description of the fibrillogenesis pathway and the identification of "on-pathway" or "off-pathway" intermediates are key issues in amyloid research as they are concerned with the mechanism for onset of certain diseases and with therapeutic treatments. Recent results on the fibril formation process revealed an unexpected complexity both in the number and(More)
The chaperone-like activity and the oligomeric state of alphaB-crystallin were studied at different temperatures and in the presence of urea and thiocyanate. The activity, assessed measuring the ability of alphaB-crystallin to prevent the aggregation of denatured insulin, strongly depends on temperature. While a significant activity increase was detected at(More)
Aqueous dispersions of the anionic phospholipid dimyristoyl phosphatidylglycerol (DMPG) at pH above the apparent pK of DMPG and concentrations in the interval 70-300 mM have been investigated by small (SAXS) and wide-angle X-ray scattering, differential scanning calorimetry, and polarized optical microscopy. The order-disorder transition of the hydrocarbon(More)
To solve details of the self-assembling process of guanosine in diluted aqueous solution and to derive a thermodynamical model for quadruplex formation, the structural behavior of deoxyguanosine 5'-monophosphate has been analyzed by in-solution small angle X-ray scattering. The experiments have been performed as a function of guanosine concentration and at(More)
In this work we show, by a combination of biochemical and biophysical approaches, that the copper ions bound in the binuclear active site of Carcinus aestuarii hemocyanin play a stabilizing role on the tertiary structure of the protein. Upon removal of copper, the monomeric hemocyanin, but not the hexameric oligomer, undergoes changes at the level of(More)
The ferricytochrome-c (cyt-c) shows a complex unfolding pathway characterized by a series of stable partially folded states. When titrated with HCl at low ionic strength, two transitions are detected. At pH 2, cyt-c assumes the U1 unfolded state, whereas the successive addition of Cl(-) ion from either HCl or NaCl induces the recompaction to a molten(More)