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Heterozygous rare variants in the PINK1 gene, as well as in other genes causing autosomal recessive parkinsonism, have been reported both in patients and healthy controls. Their pathogenic significance is uncertain, but they have been suggested to represent risk factors to develop Parkinson disease (PD). The few large studies that assessed the frequency of(More)
BACKGROUND Huntington's disease (HD) is a rare triplet repeat (CAG) disorder. Advanced, multi-centre, multi-national research frameworks are needed to study simultaneously multiple complementary aspects of HD. This includes the natural history of HD, its management and the collection of clinical information and biosamples for research. METHODS We report(More)
OBJECTIVES To enhance the knowledge on the long-term efficacy and safety of tetrabenazine (TBZ) in managing chorea. METHODS We analyzed 68 Huntington disease patients (mean disease duration, 55.8 +/- 34.7 months) who had been treated with TBZ for a mean period of 34.4 +/- 25.2 months (median, 34 months; mode, 48 months; range, 3-104 months). We measured(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the clinical characteristics and the long-term outcome of a large series of patients with blepharospasm (BS) treated with the two most used brands of BoNT-A over the last 15 years. METHODS We have reviewed the clinical charts of 128 patients with BS who received botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) in 1341 treatments (Botox in 1009, Dysport(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) produces debilitating motor abnormalities that are poorly responsive to medical therapy. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the posteroventral globus pallidus internus (GPi) may offer a treatment option for patients with diskinetic phenotype and minimal cognitive impairment, but its role in the management of HD remains unclear and to(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to assess striatal dopamine transporter availability in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease (PD) before and after 13 months of unilateral extradural motor cortex stimulation (EMCS) with [123I]N-ω-fluoropropyl-2-β-carbo-methoxy-3-β-(4-iodophenyl)nortropane single photon emission computed tomography(More)
Punding is a stereotypical behavior in which there is an intense fascination with repetitive handling and examining of mechanical objects, such as taking apart watches and radios or arranging common objects (lining up pebbles, rocks, or other small objects). This disabling condition, different from both obsessive-compulsive disorder and mania, is probably(More)
Several candidate modifier genes which, in addition to the pathogenic CAG repeat expansion, influence the age at onset (AO) in Huntington disease (HD) have already been described. The aim of this study was to replicate association of variations in the N-methyl D-aspartate receptor subtype genes GRIN2A and GRIN2B in the "REGISTRY" cohort from the European(More)
Despite the relatively frequent involvement of the basal ganglia and subthalamic nucleus by multiple sclerosis (MS) plaques, movement disorders (MD), other than tremor secondary to cerebellar or brainstem lesions, are uncommon clinical manifestations of MS. MD were present in 12 of 733 patients with MS (1.6%): three patients had parkinsonism, two(More)
BACKGROUND The primary motor cortex, which is part of the corticobasal ganglia loops, may be an alternative option for the surgical treatment of Parkinson disease. OBJECTIVE To report on the 1-year safety and efficacy of unilateral extradural motor cortex stimulation in Parkinson disease. METHODS A quadripolar electrode strip was extradurally implanted(More)