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BACKGROUND Huntington's disease (HD) is a rare triplet repeat (CAG) disorder. Advanced, multi-centre, multi-national research frameworks are needed to study simultaneously multiple complementary aspects of HD. This includes the natural history of HD, its management and the collection of clinical information and biosamples for research. METHODS We report(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) produces debilitating motor abnormalities that are poorly responsive to medical therapy. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the posteroventral globus pallidus internus (GPi) may offer a treatment option for patients with diskinetic phenotype and minimal cognitive impairment, but its role in the management of HD remains unclear and to(More)
Heterozygous rare variants in the PINK1 gene, as well as in other genes causing autosomal recessive parkinsonism, have been reported both in patients and healthy controls. Their pathogenic significance is uncertain, but they have been suggested to represent risk factors to develop Parkinson disease (PD). The few large studies that assessed the frequency of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To review the clinical characteristics and the long-term outcome of patients with hemifacial spasm (HFS) who received botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) over the past 10 years. RESULTS A total of 108 patients received 665 treatments. Mean latency of clinical effect was 5.4 +/- 5.3 days for Botox and 4.9 +/- 4.6 days for Dysport (P > 0.05).(More)
Objectives To compare the clinical characteristics and the long-term outcome of a large series of patients with blepharospasm (BS) treated with the two most used brands of BoNT-A over the last 15 years. Methods We have reviewed the clinical charts of 128 patients with BS who received botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) in 1341 treatments (Botox in 1009, Dysport in(More)
To evaluate the frequency of the LRRK2 G2019S mutation in Italy, we tested 1,072 probands with Parkinson's disease (PD; 822 sporadic and 250 familial): 20 patients (1.9%) carried the G2019S mutation, 11 patients (1.3%) were sporadic, and 9 (4.3%) had a positive family history. Considering only probands with autosomal dominant inheritance, the G2019S(More)
Punding is a stereotypical behavior in which there is an intense fascination with repetitive handling and examining of mechanical objects, such as taking apart watches and radios or arranging common objects (lining up pebbles, rocks, or other small objects). This disabling condition, different from both obsessive-compulsive disorder and mania, is probably(More)
OBJECTIVES To enhance the knowledge on the long-term efficacy and safety of tetrabenazine (TBZ) in managing chorea. METHODS We analyzed 68 Huntington disease patients (mean disease duration, 55.8 +/- 34.7 months) who had been treated with TBZ for a mean period of 34.4 +/- 25.2 months (median, 34 months; mode, 48 months; range, 3-104 months). We measured(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to assess striatal dopamine transporter availability in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease (PD) before and after 13 months of unilateral extradural motor cortex stimulation (EMCS) with [123I]N-ω-fluoropropyl-2-β-carbo-methoxy-3-β-(4-iodophenyl)nortropane single photon emission computed tomography(More)
Despite the relatively frequent involvement of the basal ganglia and subthalamic nucleus by multiple sclerosis (MS) plaques, movement disorders (MD), other than tremor secondary to cerebellar or brainstem lesions, are uncommon clinical manifestations of MS. MD were present in 12 of 733 patients with MS (1.6%): three patients had parkinsonism, two(More)