Learn More
Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare form of non-Langerhans-cell histiocytosis, associated in more than 50% of cases to BRAF(V600E) mutations in early multipotent myelomonocytic precursors or in tissue-resident histiocytes. It encompasses a spectrum of disorders ranging from asymptomatic bone lesions to multisystemic, life-threatening variants. We(More)
Although statins are lipid-lowering drugs that block cholesterol biosynthesis, they exert immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic and anti-proliferative functions by reducing the isoprenylation of proteins involved in cell signal transduction such as Ras and RhoA. In this study, we provide evidence that several natural (lovastatin, simvastatin(More)
There is evidence that nephritis is dominated by a Th1 immune response in systemic lupus erythematosus. Since IL-18 promotes polarization of the immune response toward Th1, we investigated the role of this cytokine in lupus nephritis (LN). A total of 133 lupus patients and 44 healthy subjects were enrolled. Demographic and clinical characteristics with(More)
The number of cancer cases caused by being obese is estimated to be 20% with the increased risk of malignancies being influenced by diet, weight change, and body fat distribution together with physical activity. Reports from the International Agency for Research into Cancer and the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) have shown that the strongest evidence(More)
Tumour growth is angiogenesis-dependent. We found a high correlation between the extent of bone marrow angiogenesis, evaluated as microvessel area, and the proliferating (S-phase) fraction of marrow plasma cells, evaluated as labelling index (LI), in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and in those with monoclonal gammopathies of undetermined significance(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate Fas in peripheral lymphocytes from HIV-1-positive patients at different disease stages with respect to the extent of apoptosis. DESIGN The study included analysis of Fas involvement in T-cell apoptosis observed during HIV-1 infection. Because ligation of Fas can result in costimulation of proliferation or the induction of(More)
Imbalance of cytokine homeostasis is a prominent feature of both experimental and human systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Because interleukin (IL)-12 promotes interferon (IFN)-gamma production leading to polarization of peripheral cells toward a T helper (Th) 1 phenotype, we investigated its role in lupus nephritis (LN). Soluble Th1 and Th2 cytokines were(More)
There is growing interest in the tendency of B cells to change their functional program in response to overwhelming antigen loading, perhaps by regulating specific parameters, such as efficiency of activation, proliferation rate, differentiation to antibody-secreting cells (ASC), and rate of cell death in culture. We show that individuals persistently(More)
IL-6 is a growth factor which interferes in the apoptosis of malignant plasma cells. Here we explore its role in the spontaneous and Fas/FasL-regulated apoptosis of seven myeloma cell clones (MCC). MCC-2 and -7 were constitutively defective in Fas antigen in the presence of large membrane exposure of FasL, and showed a high rate of cell proliferation(More)
INTRODUCTION The skeleton is generally the primary, and sometimes the only, site of metastasis in patients with advanced solid tumors. Bone metastases are the most frequent cause of cancer-related pain and the origin of severe morbidity in patients. Among the treatment options available for the prevention of skeletal-related events (SREs) associated with(More)