Francesco Sciarra

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Both androgen and antiandrogen treatments enhance the proliferation rate of the hormone-dependent prostate cancer cell line LNCaP, expressing a mutated androgen receptor (AR). We studied the modification of the expression of epidermal growth factor (EGF), of its receptor (EGF-R), and of androgen receptor (AR) in the LNCaP cell line, under basal conditions(More)
Virilizing adrenal tumours, adenomas and adenocarcinomas are rare and their clinical manifestations vary depending on age at onset. The paper reports the results obtained in 4 patients with adenoma and 3 with adenocarcinoma, as well as 11 cases of classic congenital adrenogenital syndrome by way of comparison. The hormonal status of adenomas is usually(More)
Androgen resistance in genetic males occurs when gonadotropins and testosterone are normal, but the physiological androgen response in androgen target organs is absent or decreased. In androgen-dependent target tissues two main defects may be found: 1) defective testosterone metabolism (5 alpha-reductase type 2 deficiency) and 2) anomalies in androgen(More)
OBJECTIVE Acne is one of the most common skin disorders. Androgens are known to play an important and possibly central role. Androgens secreted from ovaries and adrenal glands (androstenedione, dehydroepiandrosterone and its sulphate, testosterone) and target tissue-produced androgens (testosterone and its 5 alpha-reduced metabolite, dihydrotestosterone)(More)
Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) is a specific steroid-binding plasma glycoprotein regulated by several factors. Sex steroids are currently considered to be the main physiological regulators of this protein. SHBG levels, in fact, increase during estrogen treatment and decrease after androgen administration. It is well known, however, that in many(More)
Three sisters with male pseudohermaphroditism due to 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency are described. On the basis of a 46 XY karyotype and female phenotype all subjects were thought to have the testicular feminization syndrome. At puberty the two older patients developed signs of virilization and gynaecomastia. In these patients the plasma(More)
A double-blind placebo-controlled study was performed in 35 benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) patients never treated before. The patients were randomized into two groups, the 1st (18 cases) receiving Serenoa repens extract (160 mg t.d.) for 3 months up to the day before the operation of transvesical adenomectomy and the 2nd (17 cases) receiving placebo.(More)