Francesco Sciarra

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Virilizing adrenal tumours, adenomas and adenocarcinomas are rare and their clinical manifestations vary depending on age at onset. The paper reports the results obtained in 4 patients with adenoma and 3 with adenocarcinoma, as well as 11 cases of classic congenital adrenogenital syndrome by way of comparison. The hormonal status of adenomas is usually(More)
Both androgen and antiandrogen treatments enhance the proliferation rate of the hormone-dependent prostate cancer cell line LNCaP, expressing a mutated androgen receptor (AR). We studied the modification of the expression of epidermal growth factor (EGF), of its receptor (EGF-R), and of androgen receptor (AR) in the LNCaP cell line, under basal conditions(More)
The number of epidermal growth factor (EGF) binding sites was determined by competitive binding assays in a series of 46 pituitary macroadenomas. A single concentration of 125I-EGF (1 nM) was used for all experiments. In four cases, a displacement curve was obtained by adding increasing concentrations of cold EGF, and Scatchard analysis showed the presence(More)
Androgen resistance in genetic males occurs when gonadotropins and testosterone are normal, but the physiological androgen response in androgen target organs is absent or decreased. In androgen-dependent target tissues two main defects may be found: 1) defective testosterone metabolism (5 alpha-reductase type 2 deficiency) and 2) anomalies in androgen(More)
OBJECTIVE Acne is one of the most common skin disorders. Androgens are known to play an important and possibly central role. Androgens secreted from ovaries and adrenal glands (androstenedione, dehydroepiandrosterone and its sulphate, testosterone) and target tissue-produced androgens (testosterone and its 5 alpha-reduced metabolite, dihydrotestosterone)(More)
Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) is a specific steroid-binding plasma glycoprotein regulated by several factors. Sex steroids are currently considered to be the main physiological regulators of this protein. SHBG levels, in fact, increase during estrogen treatment and decrease after androgen administration. It is well known, however, that in many(More)
A double-blind placebo-controlled study was performed in 35 benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) patients never treated before. The patients were randomized into two groups, the 1st (18 cases) receiving Serenoa repens extract (160 mg t.d.) for 3 months up to the day before the operation of transvesical adenomectomy and the 2nd (17 cases) receiving placebo.(More)
The aging process is associated with a progressive decline of plasma testosterone levels, while estrone and estradiol remain unchanged and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) increases, with reduction of bioavailable testosterone in prostatic tissue with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) the most important androgen is dihydrotestosterone: with its(More)