Francesco Sciarra

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Virilizing adrenal tumours, adenomas and adenocarcinomas are rare and their clinical manifestations vary depending on age at onset. The paper reports the results obtained in 4 patients with adenoma and 3 with adenocarcinoma, as well as 11 cases of classic congenital adrenogenital syndrome by way of comparison. The hormonal status of adenomas is usually(More)
Androgen resistance in genetic males occurs when gonadotropins and testosterone are normal, but the physiological androgen response in androgen target organs is absent or decreased. In androgen-dependent target tissues two main defects may be found: 1) defective testosterone metabolism (5 alpha-reductase type 2 deficiency) and 2) anomalies in androgen(More)
Both androgen and antiandrogen treatments enhance the proliferation rate of the hormone-dependent prostate cancer cell line LNCaP, expressing a mutated androgen receptor (AR). We studied the modification of the expression of epidermal growth factor (EGF), of its receptor (EGF-R), and of androgen receptor (AR) in the LNCaP cell line, under basal conditions(More)
The number of epidermal growth factor (EGF) binding sites was determined by competitive binding assays in a series of 46 pituitary macroadenomas. A single concentration of 125I-EGF (1 nM) was used for all experiments. In four cases, a displacement curve was obtained by adding increasing concentrations of cold EGF, and Scatchard analysis showed the presence(More)
Adrenal adenomas and carcinomas are mostly monoclonal, suggesting that a genetic alteration in a progenitor cell may contribute to their development. However, the molecular pathogenesis of these tumors still remains unclear. It has been already excluded that activating mutations of the ACTH receptor or of G protein stimulator alpha sub-units, affecting cAMP(More)
The conversion of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate into testosterone, delta4-androstenedione, and dihydrotestosterone has been measured in minced prostatic adenocarcinoma tissue from three untreated patients, two patients treated with diethylstilbestrol, and one treated with cyproterone acetate. The results obtained show that in both treated and untreated(More)
The present investigation was carried out on 17 male patients, 2 of whom nephrectomized, affected by terminal renal failure on regular 4 h dialysis three times a week. Plasma prolactin (PRL), aldosterone (PA) and renin activity (PRA) were determined by radioimmunoassay before, and after the 1st, 2nd and 3rd h of hemodialysis. High levels of PRL were found(More)
The deficiency of ovarian 17-ketosteroid reductase (17-KSR) was recently discovered to be a possible cause of polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD) in hirsute women. Forty three patients with PCOD (age range, 18-38 yr) were reevaluated to search for a hormonal pattern that might suggest an ovarian 17-KSR deficiency. Androstenedione, testosterone, FSH, LH,(More)