Francesco Scapellato

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OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the correlations between Doppler-derived transmitral flow velocity variables and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure in patients with severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction. BACKGROUND Abnormal relaxation and increased chamber stiffness have opposing effects on the left ventricular filling pattern.(More)
BACKGROUND Peak oxygen consumption (VO2) has an important prognostic role in chronic heart failure (CHF), but its discriminatory power is limited in patients with intermediate exercise capacity (peak VO2 between 10-18 mL/kg/min). Thus, supplementary exertional indexes are greatly needed. METHODS Six hundred patients with CHF with left ventricular ejection(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was undertaken to explore further the relationship between Doppler-derived parameters of pulmonary flow and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and to determine whether PVR could be accurately estimated noninvasively from Doppler flow velocity measurements in patients with chronic heart failure. BACKGROUND The assessment of PVR is of(More)
BACKGROUND Although several studies have demonstrated a good correlation between Doppler echocardiographic and invasive measurements of single hemodynamic variables, the accuracy of echocardiography in providing a comprehensive assessment in individual patients has not been validated. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy and clinical(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that left ventricular (LV) filling pressures can be estimated from transmitral Doppler recording in patients in sinus rhythm who have a broad spectrum of cardiac diseases. However, the correlation between pulmonary wedge pressure (PWP) and mitral Doppler profile has not yet been clearly defined in patients with atrial(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to assess whether in clinically stable patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) the prolongation (i.e., increase) of an initially short (< or = 125 ms) Doppler transmitral deceleration time (DT) of early filling obtained with long-term optimal oral therapy predicts a more favorable prognosis. BACKGROUND It has been recently(More)
BACKGROUND Peak oxygen consumption (VO2) is traditionally used for risk stratification in chronic heart failure (CHF); however, its predictive value is unknown with carvedilol treatment. Therefore, we sought to investigate the prognostic role of gas-exchange parameters obtained from symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) in patients with CHF(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that a restrictive left ventricular diastolic filling pattern, as an index of elevated pulmonary wedge pressure, would predict a depressed baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) in patients with chronic heart failure. METHODS A total of 189 consecutive patients with an ejection fraction < or = 40% at(More)
This study demonstrates that a Doppler-derived tricuspid flow velocity pattern provides an accurate, feasible, and noninvasive method of estimating and monitoring mean right atrial pressure in patients with heart failure due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction, and who are both in sinus rhythm and atrial fibrillation. In particular, the acceleration(More)