Francesco Sansone

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Growing insights into the functionality of lectin-carbohydrate interactions are identifying attractive new targets for drug design. As glycan recognition is regulated by the structure of the sugar epitope and also by topological aspects of its presentation, a suitable arrangement of ligands in synthetic glycoclusters has the potential to enhance their(More)
Calix[n]arenes functionalized with guanidinium groups at the upper rim and alkyl chains at the lower rim bind to DNA, condense it, and in some cases, promote cell transfection depending on their structure and lipophilicity. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) studies indicate that upon DNA binding the hydrophobic association of the lipophilic chains of cone(More)
Multivalency plays a major role in biological processes and particularly in the relationship between pathogenic microorganisms and their host that involves protein-glycan recognition. These interactions occur during the first steps of infection, for specific recognition between host and bacteria, but also at different stages of the immune response. The(More)
This Account reviews the synthesis, conformations, and supramolecular properties of calixarenes endowed with alpha-amino acids or peptides (Peptidocalixarenes) and carbohydrate units (Glycocalixarenes), with a major emphasis on calix[4]arenes functionalized on the aromatic nuclei (upper or wide rim). Most properties of N-linked peptidocalix[4]arenes are(More)
Guanidinium groups were introduced through a spacer at the lower rim of calix[4]arenes in the cone conformation to give new potential nonviral vectors for gene delivery. Several structural modifications were explored, such as the presence or absence of a macrocyclic scaffold, lipophilicity of the backbone, length of the spacer, and nature of the charged(More)
Multivalency is a powerful concept which explains the strong binding observed in biological systems and guides the design and synthesis of ligands for self-assembly and molecular recognition in Chemistry. The phenol-formaldehyde cyclic oligomers, called calixarenes, have been used as scaffolds for the synthesis of multivalent ligands thanks to the fact that(More)
Cell-penetrating peptides are widely used as molecular transporters for the internalization inside cells of various cargo, including proteins and nucleic acids. A special role is played by arginine-rich peptides and oligoarginines covalently linked or simply mixed with the cargo. Here we report cell-penetrating agents in which arginine units are clustered(More)
Carbohydrate derivatisation and glycocluster formation are both known to enhance avidity for lectin binding. Using a plant toxin and human adhesion/growth-regulatory lectins (inter- and intrafamily comparisons) the effect of their combination is examined. In detail, aromatic substituents were introduced at the 2-N or 3'-positions of N-acetyllactosamine and(More)
We report that amphiphilic counterions can enable DNA to act as cation carrier, enzyme detector and biosensor. Calf thymus DNA is used as example throughout the study. Evaluation of a series of counterion activators suggests that strong amphiphilicity, alkyl or calix[4]arene tails and guanidinium cations give best results, whereas weak amphiphilicity,(More)