Francesco Procaccio

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If pragmatic recommendations for treatment of severely head-injured patients could really be applied, they would probably have a considerable impact in terms of reduction in mortality and disability. Since 1995 a Group of Italian Neurointensivists and Neurosurgeons belonging to the Italian Societies of Neurosurgery (SINch) and Anesthesiology & Intensive(More)
Intraventricular colistin, administered as colistin methanesulfonate (CMS), is the last resource for the treatment of central nervous system infections caused by panresistant Gram-negative bacteria. The doses and daily regimens vary considerably and are empirically chosen; the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pharmacokinetics of colistin after intraventricular(More)
Since 1995 a Group of Italian Neurointensivists and Neurosurgeons belonging to the Italian Societies of Neurosurgery (SINch) and Anesthesia & Intensive Care (SIAARTI) has produced some recommendations for treatment of adults with severe head trauma. They have been published in 3 parts: Part I (Initial assessment, Evaluation and pre-hospital treatment,(More)
The effects of 124 boluses of etomidate 0.2 mg kg-1 i.v. on intracranial pressure (ICP), mean arterial pressure (MAP) and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) were studied in eight patients with severe head injury (Glasgow coma score less than 8). The data were divided into two groups based on the minimum voltage of the cerebral function monitor (CFM)(More)
BACKGROUND Heart transplantation is limited by a severe donor organ shortage. Potential donors with brain death (BD) and left ventricular dysfunction due to neurogenic stunning are currently excluded from donation--although such abnormalities can be reversible with aggressive treatment including Hormonal Treatment (HT) and deferred organ retrieval. AIM To(More)
BACKGROUND Although generally well tolerated, awake craniotomy is burdened by non-negligible failure rates. The aim of this pilot study was to verify the feasibility of a wider research scope to define objective criteria for patient exclusion and the risk of intraoperative mapping failures. METHODS Twenty-one patients with brain tumors were subjected to a(More)
Biopsy material from human gliomas obtained during neurosurgery was used to investigate whether pathological human brain tissue is capable of producing kynurenic acid (KYNA), a natural brain metabolite which can act as an antagonist at excitatory amino acid receptors. Upon in vitro exposure to 40, 200 or 1000 microM L-kynurenine, the immediate bioprecursor(More)
BACKGROUND The study was aimed at describing the clinical characteristics of dead patients with acute cerebral lesion and analyzing reasons of the shortage of heart-beating potential organ donors in the Intensive Care Units (ICUs) in the Veneto Region. METHODS Data have been prospectively recorded in 23 ICUs over six months for deceased patients with(More)
In March 2010, the Third WHO Global Consultation on Organ Donation and Transplantation (‘The Madrid Resolution’) called on countries to pursue self-sufficiency in transplantation in compliance with the WHO Guiding Principles on Human Cell, Tissue and Organ Transplantation [1]. This included a call to maximize donation by incorporating it in all appropriate(More)
Little is known about spinal visceral reflexes in brain-dead man, although they have been described in experimental animals. In 1983, 25 brain-dead individuals were observed during donor nephrectomy. It was confirmed that some of these donors, without higher centre modulation and not under significant pharmacological influence, had viscero-somatic motor(More)