Francesco Procaccio

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Since 1995 a Group of Italian Neurointensivists and Neurosurgeons belonging to the Italian Societies of Neurosurgery (SINch) and Anesthesia & Intensive Care (SIAARTI) has produced some recommendations for treatment of adults with severe head trauma. They have been published in 3 parts: Part I (Initial assessment, Evaluation and pre-hospital treatment,(More)
BACKGROUND Although generally well tolerated, awake craniotomy is burdened by non-negligible failure rates. The aim of this pilot study was to verify the feasibility of a wider research scope to define objective criteria for patient exclusion and the risk of intraoperative mapping failures. METHODS Twenty-one patients with brain tumors were subjected to a(More)
Little is known about spinal visceral reflexes in brain-dead man, although they have been described in experimental animals. In 1983, 25 brain-dead individuals were observed during donor nephrectomy. It was confirmed that some of these donors, without higher centre modulation and not under significant pharmacological influence, had viscero-somatic motor(More)
If pragmatic recommendations for treatment of severely head-injured patients could really be applied, they would probably have a considerable impact in terms of reduction in mortality and disability. Since 1995 a Group of Italian Neurointensivists and Neurosurgeons belonging to the Italian Societies of Neurosurgery (SINch) and Anesthesiology & Intensive(More)
Intraventricular colistin, administered as colistin methanesulfonate (CMS), is the last resource for the treatment of central nervous system infections caused by panresistant Gram-negative bacteria. The doses and daily regimens vary considerably and are empirically chosen; the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pharmacokinetics of colistin after intraventricular(More)
The Guidelines of the surgical management of severe head injury in adults, as evolved by the Neurotraumatology Group of the Italian Neurosurgery Society and the Italian Society for Anaesthesia, Analgesia, Reanimation and Intensive Care are presented and briefly discussed. Guidelines presented here are of a pragmatic nature, based on consensus and expert(More)
BACKGROUND Bacterial infections remain a challenge to solid organ transplantation. Due to the alarming spread of carbapenem-resistant gram negative bacteria, these organisms have been frequently recognized as cause of severe infections in solid organ transplant recipients. METHODS AND FINDINGS Between 15 May and 30 September 2012 we enrolled 887 solid(More)
BACKGROUND Heart transplantation is limited by a severe donor organ shortage. Potential donors with brain death (BD) and left ventricular dysfunction due to neurogenic stunning are currently excluded from donation--although such abnormalities can be reversible with aggressive treatment including Hormonal Treatment (HT) and deferred organ retrieval. AIM To(More)
Cumulative evidence of potential benefits of electroencephalography (EEG) and evoked potentials in the management of patients with acute cerebral damage has been confirmed. Continuous EEG monitoring is the best method for detecting nonconvulsive seizures and is strongly recommended for the treatment of status epilepticus. Continuously displayed, validated(More)
BACKGROUND Heart transplantation is limited by severe donor organ shortage. Regardless of the changes made in the acceptance of marginal donors, any such mechanism cannot be considered successful unless recipient graft survival rates remain acceptable. A stress echo-driven selection of donors has proven successful in older donors with normal left(More)