Francesco Pisani

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Long-term antiepileptic drug (AED) therapy is the reality for the majority of patients diagnosed with epilepsy. One AED will usually be sufficient to control seizures effectively, but a significant proportion of patients will need to receive a multiple AED regimen. Furthermore, polytherapy may be necessary for the treatment of concomitant disease. The fact(More)
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an inflammatory autoimmune demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS) which in autoantibodies produced by patients with NMO (NMO-IgG) recognize a glial water channel protein, Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) expressed as two major isoforms, M1- and M23-AQP4, in which the plasma membrane form orthogonal arrays of particles(More)
Carbamazepine is one of the most commonly prescribed antiepileptic drugs and is also used in the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia and psychiatric disorders, particularly bipolar depression. Because of its widespread and long term use, carbamazepine is frequently prescribed in combination with other drugs, leading to the possibility of drug interactions.(More)
To assess incidence and risk factors for de novo cancers (DNCs) after kidney transplant (KT), we carried out a cohort investigation in 15 Italian KT centres. Seven thousand two-hundred seventeen KT recipients (64.2% men), transplanted between 1997 and 2007 and followed-up until 2009, represented the study group. Person years (PY) were computed from 30 days(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The possible neuroprotective effect of endogenous gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) on the irreversible electrophysiological changes induced by in vitro ischemia on striatal neurons was investigated. In particular, the aim of the study was the characterization of the neuroprotective action of 2 antiepileptic drugs increasing GABAergic(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia can result from decreased methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) enzyme activity, owing to genetic polymorphisms and/or inadequate folate intake. This study was aimed at investigating the prevalence of C677T and A1298C MTHFR polymorphisms, and their impact on hyperhomocysteinemia in 95 epileptic patients and 98 controls. Double(More)
Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) exists as two major isoforms that differ in the length of the N terminus, the shorter AQP4-M23 and the longer AQP4-M1. Both isoforms form tetramers, which can further aggregate in the plasma membrane to form typical orthogonal arrays of particles (OAPs) whose dimension depends on the ratio of the M1 and M23. In this study, we tested the(More)
This study evaluated the impact of a new epoetin alfa dosing regimen on quality of life (QOL), transfusion requirements, and hemoglobin (Hb) levels in 133 patients with low-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and Hb ≤10 g/dl. Epoetin alfa 40,000 IU was given subcutaneously twice weekly; after 4 weeks, the dose could be reduced to 40,000 IU weekly in(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the effect on minimal residual disease, by qualitative and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR), of a consolidation regimen that included bortezomib, thalidomide, and dexamethasone (VTD) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) responding to autologous stem-cell transplantation (auto-SCT). PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
Several new antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) have been introduced for clinical use recently. These new AEDs, as did the classic AEDs, target multiple cellular sites both pre- and postsynaptically. The major common goal of the pharmacological treatment using AEDs is to counteract abnormal brain excitability by either decreasing excitatory transmission or enhancing(More)