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Brain Computer Interfaces (BCI) represent a new communication option for those suffering from neuromuscular impairment that prevents them from using conventional augmented communication methods. This new approach has been developing quickly during the last few years, thanks to the increasing of computational power and the new algorithms for signal(More)
To describe results of training and 1-year follow-up of brain-communication in a larger group of early and middle stage amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients using a P300-based brain-computer interface (BCI), and to investigate the relationship between clinical status, age and BCI performance. A group of 21 ALS patients were tested with a BCI-system(More)
Our objective was to investigate the relationship between brain-computer interface (BCI) communication skill and disease progression in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We sought also to assess stability of BCI communication performance over time and whether it is related to the progression of neurological impairment before entering the locked-in state.(More)
Evaluation of consciousness needs to be supported by the evidence of brain activation during external stimulation in patients with unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS). Assessment of patients should include techniques that do not depend on overt motor responses and allow an objective investigation of the spontaneous patterns of brain activity. In(More)
BACKGROUND In the last decade transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been introduced in aphasia post-stroke recovery as a tool for modulating neuroplasticity. However, it is still unclear whether tDCS should be applied at rest (off-line) or combined with behavioral treatment strategies (on-line), therefore, this study investigates the effect of(More)
In vitro studies on the effects of dexamethasone on human synovial cells have shown that with high concentrations of the steroid in the culture medium cellular activity was completely blocked whereas with low concentrations (10(-6)M), cellular density decreased but there was an increase in the synthesis of RNA, DNA, protein and hyaluronic acid. These data,(More)
BACKGROUND Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) induces prolonged functional changes in the cerebral cortex in normal conditions and in altered states of consciousness. Its therapeutic effects have been variously documented. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the reactivity of electroencephalography (EEG) and the clinical(More)
We hypothesized that nandrolone (ND)-abuse induces cardiac hypertrophy, increases myocardial susceptibility to ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, and reduces responsiveness to postconditioning (PostC) cardioprotection. Wistar-rats were ND treated for 2 weeks (short_ND) or 10 weeks (long_ND). Vehicle-treated rats served as controls. Hearts were retrogradely(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Electroencephalography has not been completely quantified in patients with cirrhosis. We investigated the electroencephalogram (EEG) dynamics in patients with cirrhosis. METHODS We performed closed-eye EEGs on 175 patients with cirrhosis (age, 55 ± 11 years; 24% Child-Pugh class A, 48% class B, and 285 class C), conducted clinical and(More)