Francesco Paolo Colonna

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Ribavirin (RIBV) is a useful drug in the treatment of chronic type C hepatitis but displays a toxicity for red blood cells (RBC), which limits its dosage and necessitates withdrawal in some patients. Selective concentration of RIBV in liver should improve therapeutic results. Liver targeting can be achieved by coupling the drug to galactosyl-terminating(More)
We have demonstrated that herpes simplex 1 (HSV1) thymidine kinase (TK) shows no stereospecificity for D- and L-beta-nucleosides. In vitro, L enantiomers are not recognized by human TK, but function as specific substrates for the viral enzyme in the order: L-thymidine (L-T) >> 2'-deoxy-L-guanosine (L-dG) > 2'-deoxy-L-uridine (L-dU) > 2'-deoxy-L-cytidine(More)
Unnatural L-2'-deoxyribonucleosides L-T, L-dC, L-dA and L-dG were prepared from L-arabinose and assembled, by solution or solid phase synthesis, to give L-oligonucleotides (L-DNAs), which contain all four natural bases. The affinity of these modified oligomers for complementary D-ribo- and D-deoxyribo-oligomers was studied with NMR, UV and CD spectroscopies(More)
Anthracycline antibiotics daunomycin and adriamycin are among the most widely used in cancer chemotherapy and DNA is believed to be the primary target of their biological action. The crystal structure of a morpholino derivative of adriamycin bound to the DNA hexamer d(CGTACG) has been determined at 1.5 A resolution. The complex crystallizes in space group(More)
Among a series of unmodified phosphodiester (PO)-oligodeoxynucleotides (PO-ODNs) complementary to some of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) regulatory genes, several PO-ODN sequences complementary to the vpr gene (PO-ODNs-a-vpr, where a-vpr is the antisense vpr sequence) emerged as potent inhibitors (at concentrations of 0.8 to 3.3 microM) of(More)
The multiple drug resistance of neoplastic cells is mediated by overexpression of the human MDR1 gene, which encodes the transmembrane efflux pump P-glycoprotein. In both cell lines and human tumors the MDR phenotype closely correlates with MDR1 mRNA and P-glycoprotein levels. Reversion of the MDR phenotype was attempted in human colorectal adenocarcinoma(More)
A simple, rapid and high-yielding method for the synthesis of oligonucleotides by the phosphotriesters approach is described. The use of polyethylene glycol (PEG) as soluble polymeric support preserves some convenient features of the solid-phase synthesis with new interesting advantages. Short oligonucleotides in hundred milligrams scale can be obtained(More)
L-beta-Deoxythymidine (L-dT), the optical enantiomer of D-beta-deoxythymidine (D-dT), and L-enantiomers of nucleoside analogs, such as 5-iodo-2'-deoxy-L-uridine (L-IdU) and E-5-(2-bromovinyl)-2'-deoxy-L-uridine (L-BVdU), are not recognized in vitro by human cytosolic thymidine kinase (TK), but are phosphorylated by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) TK and(More)
Among enzymes involved in the synthesis of nucleotides and DNA, some exceptions have recently been found to the universal rule that enzymes act only on one enantiomer of a chiral substrate and that only one of the enantiomeric forms of chiral molecules may bind effectively at the catalytic site, displaying biological activity. The exceptions include: herpes(More)
The interaction of daunorubicin with the self-complementary DNA fragment d(CGTACG) was studied by 31P NMR spectroscopy. The individual phosphates have been assigned for the nucleotide and the complex and signals from bound and free species in slow exchange at 19 degrees C were detected. In solution, the hexanucleotide binds two molecules of daunorubicin,(More)